This page lists the status of current and future satellites contributing to the WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS). This information is extracted from OSCAR/Space(Observing Systems Capability Analysis and Review Tool). For further information, please go directly to the tool, which offers search, filter and export facilities and addresses a larger number of Earth observation satellites.

The links in the tables also lead directly to OSCAR/Space. For more details on the satellites, e.g. payload characteristics, data access or telecommunication frequencies please click on the respective name.

Backbone Satellites Contributing to WIGOS
Geostationary Core Constellation Current Future
Sun-synchronous Core Constellation Current Future
     
Additional Satellites Contributing to WIGOS
Geostationary and Molniya Orbit Current Future
Low Earth Orbit Current Future
Specific Orbits (for Space Weather) Current Future

Current Geostationary Core Constellation

Long. Name Operator(s) Launch Instruments Details
137.2° W GOES-17 NOAA, NASA 01 Mar 2018 ABI, EXIS, GEOS&R , GLM, SEM/MAG, SUVI, DCIS, SEISS/MPS, SEISS/EHIS, SEISS/SGPS
  • Near-real time availability of ABI, GLM, EXIS, MAG, SUVI and SEISS (MPS, EHIS and SGPS) by GRB and LRIT.
  • Real-time availability of EMWIN-N information.
  • DCP messages through ground lines from the CDA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
128° W GOES-15 NOAA, NASA 04 Mar 2010 GEOS&R , SEM/MAG, SOUNDER, SXI, SEM/EPS, SEM/HEPAD, SEM/XRS-EUV, DCIS, IMAGER
  • Near-real time availability of pre-processed IMAGER and SOUNDER data in the GVAR format by the PDR and LRIT links to user stations.
  • Near-real time availability of SXI and SEM (MAG, EPS, HEPAD and XRS) and diagnostic data by MDL.
  • Near-real-time availability of EMWIN-N information.
  • DCP messages through ground lines.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
  • Note: No single webpage provides data access details for GOES Level 1 data, the link given here provides access to GOES images in graphical format.
  • http://www.goes.noaa.gov/
105° W GOES-14 NOAA, NASA 27 Jun 2009 GEOS&R , SEM/MAG, SOUNDER, SXI, SEM/EPS, SEM/HEPAD, SEM/XRS-EUV, DCIS, IMAGER
  • Near-real time availability of pre-processed IMAGER and SOUNDER data in the GVAR format by the PDR and LRIT links to user stations.
  • Near-real time availability of SXI and SEM (MAG, EPS, HEPAD and XRS) and diagnostic data by MDL. 
  • Near-real-time availability of EMWIN-N information.
  • DCP messages through ground lines.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
  • Note: No single webpage provides data access details for GOES Level 1 data, the link given here provides access to GOES images in graphical format.
75.2° W GOES-16 NOAA, NASA 19 Nov 2016 ABI, EXIS, GEOS&R , GLM, SEM/MAG, SUVI, DCIS, SEISS/MPS, SEISS/EHIS, SEISS/SGPS
  • Near-real time availability of ABI, GLM, EXIS, MAG, SUVI and SEISS (MPS, EHIS and SGPS) by GRB and LRIT.
  • Near real-time data available at GEONETCAST Americas, see http://www.geonetcastamericas.noaa.gov/.
  • Data and products available from the PDA (restricted).
  • Real-time availability of EMWIN-N information.
  • DCP messages through ground lines from the CDA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
  • Overview over Data Access Methods at 

http://www.goes-r.gov/users/user-systems.html

14.5° W Electro-L N2 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos 11 Dec 2015 DCS, GEOS&R, MSU-GS, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E, GGAK-E/VUSS-E, GGAK-E/DIR-E
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution MSU-GS images by HRIT.
  • Near real-time images available on EUMETCast
  • Availability of image segments of MSU-GS by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages at DCSA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
Meteosat-11 EUMETSAT, ESA 15 Jul 2015 DCS, GEOS&R , GERB, SEVIRI
  • Near-real time availability of full set of data and products (SEVIRI, GERB, DCS and MDD) by EUMETCast
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time
3.5° E Meteosat-9 EUMETSAT, ESA 21 Dec 2005 DCS, GEOS&R , GERB, SEVIRI
9.5° E Meteosat-10 EUMETSAT, ESA 05 Jul 2012 DCS, GEOS&R , GERB, SEVIRI
  • Full Disk Scanning satellite
  • Near-real time availability of all image data by EUMETCast. (http://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Data/DataDelivery/EUMETCast/index.html?l=en)
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time. 
41.5° E Meteosat-8 (IODC) EUMETSAT, ESA 15 Sep 2016 DCS, GEOS&R , GERB, SEVIRI
74° E INSAT-3DR ISRO, IMD 08 Sep 2016 DCS, SAS&R, IMAGER, SOUNDER
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT.
  • Availability of selected images and data by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages by ground lines.
  • Alert messages of SASAR to LUT in real time.
76° E Electro-L N3 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos 24 Dec 2019 DCS, GEOS&R, MSU-GS, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E, GGAK-E/VUSS-E, GGAK-E/DIR-E
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution MSU-GS images by HRIT.
  • Availability of image segments of MSU-GS by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages at DCSA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
79° E FY-2H CMA, NRSCC 05 Jun 2018 DCS, SEM, S-VISSR, SXM
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution S-VISSR images on HRIT and CMACast.
  • Availability of image segments of S-VISSR in digital form by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages by ground lines.
82° E INSAT-3D ISRO, IMD 25 Jul 2013 DCS, SAS&R, IMAGER, SOUNDER
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT.
  • Availability of selected images and data by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages by ground lines.
  • Alert messages of SASAR to LUT in real time.
  • Note: The link provided is to an IMD page for browsing recent images (incl animations) and products from INSAT-3D in graphical format. No access to L1 data is provided for general users.
104.7° E FY-4A CMA, NRSCC 10 Dec 2016 DCS, GIIRS, LMI, AGRI, SEP/HEPS, SEP-fields
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT and (planned) by CMACast.
  • Availability of selected information by LRIT.
  • Meteorological warnings (WAIB) sharing the LRIT link.
  • Availability of DCP messages by land lines.
105° E FY-2G CMA, NRSCC 31 Dec 2014 DCS, SEM, S-VISSR, SXM
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution S-VISSR images on HRIT, CMACast and via CMA portal.
  • Availability of image segments of S-VISSR in digital form by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages by ground lines. 
112° E FY-2F CMA, NRSCC 13 Jan 2012 DCS, SEM, S-VISSR, SXM
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution S-VISSR images on HRIT, CMACast and via CMA portal.
  • Availability of image segments of S-VISSR in digital form by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages by ground lines.
123.5° E FY-4B CMA, NRSCC 02 Jun 2021 DCS, GIIRS, AGRI, SEP/HEPS, SEP-fields, GHI, SEP/MEPS, SEP/LEPS
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT and CMACast.
  • Availability of selected information by LRIT.
  • Meteorological warnings (WAIB) sharing the LRIT link.
  • Availability of DCP messages by land lines.
128.2° E GEO-KOMPSAT-2A KMA, KARI, ME, MLTM 04 Dec 2018 AMI, KSEM/PD, KSEM/MAG, KSEM/CM
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution image data by direct broadcast in X-band
128.2° E GEO-KOMPSAT-2B KMA, KARI, ME, MLTM 18 Feb 2020 GEMS, GOCI-II
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution image data by direct broadcast in X-band
140.7° E Himawari-8 JMA 07 Oct 2014 AHI, DCS, SEDA
140.7° E Himawari-9 JMA 02 Nov 2016 AHI, DCS, SEDA

Future Geostationary Core Constellation

Long. Name Operator(s) Launch Instruments Details
137° W GOES-T NOAA, NASA Mar 2022 ABI, EXIS, GEOS&R , GLM, SEM/MAG, SUVI, DCIS, SEISS/MPS, SEISS/EHIS, SEISS/SGPS
  • Near-real time availability of ABI, GLM, EXIS, MAG, SUVI and SEISS (MPS, EHIS and SGPS) by GRB and LRIT.
  • Real-time availability of EMWIN-N information.
  • DCP messages through ground lines from the CDA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
75° W GOES-U NOAA, NASA ≥2024 ABI, EXIS, GEOS&R , GLM, SEM/MAG, SUVI, DCIS, SEISS/MPS, SEISS/EHIS, SEISS/SGPS, CCOR
  • Near-real time availability of ABI, GLM, EXIS, MAG, SUVI and SEISS (MPS, EHIS and SGPS) by GRB and LRIT.
  • Real-time availability of EMWIN-N information.
  • DCP messages through ground lines from the CDA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
14.5° W Electro-M N1 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2025 DCS, GEOS&R, MSU-GSM, IRFS-GS, ERBR, LM, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E, GGAK-E/ISP-2M, GGAK-E/VUSS-E, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/DIR-E
  • TBD
MTG-I1 EUMETSAT, EC, ESA ≥2022 , DCS, FCI, GEOS&R , LI
  • No direct broadcast of data
  • Near-realtime Data distribution to users by EUMETCast or through dedicated ground lines or the RMDCN/GTS.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
MTG-I2 EUMETSAT, EC, ESA ≥2025 DCS, FCI, GEOS&R , LI
  • No direct broadcast of data
  • Near-realtime Data distribution to users by EUMETCast or through dedicated ground lines or the RMDCN/GTS.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
MTG-I3 EUMETSAT, EC, ESA ≥2032 DCS, FCI, GEOS&R , LI
  • No direct broadcast of data
  • Near-realtime Data distribution to users by EUMETCast or through dedicated ground lines or the RMDCN/GTS.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
MTG-I4 EUMETSAT, EC, ESA ≥2036 DCS, FCI, GEOS&R , LI
  • No direct broadcast of data
  • Near-realtime Data distribution to users by EUMETCast or through dedicated ground lines or the RMDCN/GTS.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
MTG-S1 EUMETSAT, EC, ESA ≥2024 IRS, Sentinel-4
  • No direct broadcast of data
  • Near-realtime Data distribution to users by EUMETCast or through dedicated ground lines or the RMDCN/GTS.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
MTG-S2 EUMETSAT, EC, ESA ≥2034 IRS, Sentinel-4
  • No direct broadcast of data
  • Near-realtime Data distribution to users by EUMETCast or through dedicated ground lines or the RMDCN/GTS.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
FY-4 MW CMA, NRSCC ≥2024
45.5° E Meteosat-9 (IODC) EUMETSAT, ESA 01 Apr 2022 GEOS&R , SEVIRI

Near-real time availability of all image data by EUMETCast.  More info at:http://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Data/DataDelivery/EUMETCast/index.html?l=e

74° E INSAT-3DS ISRO, IMD ≥2022 DCS, SAS&R, IMAGER, SOUNDER
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT.
  • Availability of selected images and data by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages by ground lines.
  • Alert messages of SASAR to LUT in real time
76° E Electro-M N2 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2026 DCS, GEOS&R, MSU-GSM, IRFS-GS, ERBR, LM, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E, GGAK-E/ISP-2M, GGAK-E/VUSS-E, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/DIR-E
  • TBD
76° E Electro-L N5 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2023 DCS, GEOS&R, MSU-GS, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E, GGAK-E/ISP-2M, GGAK-E/VUSS-E, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/DIR-E
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution MSU-GS images by HRIT.
  • Availability of image segments of MSU-GS by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages at DCSA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
86.5° E FY-4C CMA, NRSCC ≥2025 DCS, GIIRS, LMI, AGRI, SXEUV, SUVI, SXUS, MUSI
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT and CMACast.
  • Availability of selected information by LRIT.
  • Meteorological warnings (WAIB) sharing the LRIT link.
  • Availability of DCP messages by land lines.
86.5° E FY-4E CMA, NRSCC ≥2027 DCS, GIIRS, LMI, AGRI, SEP/HEPS, SXEUV, SEP-fields, SEP/MEPS, SEP/LEPS, SUVI, SXUS, MUSI
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT and CMACast.
  • Availability of selected information by LRIT.
  • Meteorological warnings (WAIB) sharing the LRIT link.
  • Availability of DCP messages by land lines.
86.5° E FY-4G CMA, NRSCC ≥2033 DCS, GIIRS, LMI, AGRI, SEP/HEPS, SXEUV, SEP-fields, SEP/MEPS, SEP/LEPS, SUVI, SXUS, MUSI
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT and CMACast.
  • Availability of selected information by LRIT.
  • Meteorological warnings (WAIB) sharing the LRIT link.
  • Availability of DCP messages by land lines.
105° E FY-4D CMA, NRSCC ≥2026 DCS, GIIRS, LMI, AGRI, SEP/HEPS, SXEUV, SEP-fields, SEP/MEPS, SEP/LEPS, SUVI, SXUS, MUSI
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT and CMACast.
  • Availability of selected information by LRIT.
  • Meteorological warnings (WAIB) sharing the LRIT link.
  • Availability of DCP messages by land lines.
105° E FY-4F CMA, NRSCC ≥2030 DCS, GIIRS, LMI, AGRI, SEP/HEPS, SXEUV, SEP-fields, SEP/MEPS, SEP/LEPS, SUVI, SXUS, MUSI
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT and CMACast.
  • Availability of selected information by LRIT.
  • Meteorological warnings (WAIB) sharing the LRIT link.
  • Availability of DCP messages by land lines.
165.8° E Electro-M N3 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2029 DCS, GEOS&R, MSU-GSM, IRFS-GS, ERBR, LM, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E, GGAK-E/ISP-2M, GGAK-E/VUSS-E, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/DIR-E
  • TBD
166° E Electro-L N4 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2022 DCS, GEOS&R, MSU-GS, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E, GGAK-E/ISP-2M, GGAK-E/VUSS-E, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/DIR-E
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution MSU-GS images by HRIT.
  • Availability of image segments of MSU-GS by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages at DCSA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.

Current Sun-synchronous Core Constellation

Sector ECT Altitude Name Operator(s) Launch Instruments Details
Early Morning Orbit 05:30 desc 836 km FY-3I CMA, NRSCC ≥2025 MWHS-2, SIM-2, WindRAD, SWS/SEM/HEPD, SWS/SEM/IMS, SWS/Tri-IPM, MWTS-3, HIRAS-2, MERSI-LL, SSIM, SWS/SEM/MFD, GNOS-2
  • Real-time availability of HIRAS, ERM-2, GNOS, MERSI-2, MWHS-2, MWTS-2, OMS (limb+nadir), SES (IPM+SEM+WAI), SIM-2 and WindRAD by MTP.
  • Real-time availability of a selection of data by AHRPT.
Morning Orbit 09:00 desc 820.7 km Meteor-M N2-3 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos Dec 2022 IKFS-2, KMSS, MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY, MeteoSAR, SSPD, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • Real-time availability of MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY and SSPD by HRPT.
  • Real-time availability of selected images and other data by LRPT.
  • Real-time availability of DCP messages by on-board data relay.
09:00 asc 820.7 km Meteor-M N2-6 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2025 IKFS-2, KMSS, MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY, MeteoSAR, SSPD, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • Real-time availability of MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY and SSPD by HRPT.
  • Real-time availability of selected images and other data by LRPT.
  • Real-time availability of DCP messages by on-board data relay.
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-A2 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2031 3MI, IASI-NG, Sentinel-5, METimage, MWS, RO
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-A3 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2037 3MI, IASI-NG, Sentinel-5, METimage, MWS, RO
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-B1 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2025 A-DCS, ICI, SCA, MWI, RO
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-B2 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2031 A-DCS, ICI, SCA, MWI, RO
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-B3 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2038 A-DCS, ICI, SCA, MWI, RO
  • TBD
09:30 desc 830 km Meteor-MP N2 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2026 SSPD, MSU-MR-MP, IKFS-3, MTVZA-GY-MP, BRLK “Briz”, ACS-nadir, ACS-limb, ARMA-MP, GORIZONT-MP, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-A1 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2024 3MI, IASI-NG, Sentinel-5, METimage, MWS, RO
  • TBD
10:00 desc 836 km FY-3F CMA, NRSCC ≥2023 MWHS-2, MWRI, OMS-nadir, OMS-limb, SWS/IPM, SWS/WAI, MWTS-3, HIRAS-2, SWS/SEM/MFD, GNOS-2, MERSI-3
  • Real-time availability of HIRAS, ERM-2, GNOS, MERSI-2, MWHS-2, MWTS-2, OMS (limb+nadir), SES (IPM+SEM+WAI), SIM-2 and WindRAD by MTP.
  • Real-time availability of a selection of data by AHRPT.
10:00 desc 690 km ALTIUS ESA, BIRA ≥2025 ALTIUS

TBD

Afternoon Orbit TBD 600 km AWS ESA ≥2024 MWR (AWS)
  • Direct Data Broadcast L-Band downlink transmits realtime measurements for nowcasting
  • Data also disseminated to end users using EUMETSAT's EUMETCAST system with some delay.
13:30 asc 824 km JPSS-2 NOAA, NASA Sep 2022 ATMS, CrIS, OMPS-limb, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS, RBI
  • Real-time availability of ATMS, CERES, CrIS, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS and SEM-N (EPS+HES+SSJ5) by HRD.
13:30 asc 824 km JPSS-3 NOAA, NASA ≥2027 ATMS, CrIS, OMPS-limb, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS, Libera
  • Real-time availability of ATMS, CERES, CrIS, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS and SEM-N (EPS+HES+SSJ5) by HRD.
13:30 asc 824 km JPSS-4 NOAA, NASA ≥2032 ATMS, CrIS, OMPS-limb, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS, Libera
  • Real-time availability of ATMS, CERES, CrIS, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS and SEM-N (EPS+HES+SSJ5) by HRD.
14:00 asc 836 km FY-3H CMA, NRSCC ≥2024 ERM-2, MWHS-2, MWRI, SIM-2, MWTS-3, HIRAS-2, SWS/SEM/MFD, GNOS-2, MERSI-3, GAS-2
  • Real-time availability of HIRAS, GAS, GNOS, MERSI-2, MWHS-2, MWRI, MWTS-2 and SES (IPM+SEM+WAI) by MTP.
  • Real-time availability of a selection of data by AHRPT.
15:00 asc 820.7 km Meteor-M N2-4 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2022 IKFS-2, KMSS, MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY, MeteoSAR, SSPD, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • Real-time availability of MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY and SSPD by HRPT.
  • Real-time availability of selected images and other data by LRPT.
  • Real-time availability of DCP messages by on-board data relay.
15:00 desc 820.7 km Meteor-M N2-5 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2024 IKFS-2, KMSS, MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY, MeteoSAR, SSPD, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • Real-time availability of MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY and SSPD by HRPT.
  • Real-time availability of selected images and other data by LRPT.
  • Real-time availability of DCP messages by on-board data relay.
15:30 asc 830 km Meteor-MP N1 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2025 SSPD, MSU-MR-MP, IKFS-3, MTVZA-GY-MP, BRLK “Briz”, ACS-nadir, ACS-limb, ARMA-MP, GORIZONT-MP, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD

Future Sun-synchronous Core Constellation

Sector ECT Altitude Name Operator(s) Launch Instruments Details
Early Morning Orbit 05:30 desc 836 km FY-3I CMA, NRSCC ≥2025 MWHS-2, SIM-2, WindRAD, SWS/SEM/HEPD, SWS/SEM/IMS, SWS/Tri-IPM, MWTS-3, HIRAS-2, MERSI-LL, SSIM, SWS/SEM/MFD, GNOS-2
  • Real-time availability of HIRAS, ERM-2, GNOS, MERSI-2, MWHS-2, MWTS-2, OMS (limb+nadir), SES (IPM+SEM+WAI), SIM-2 and WindRAD by MTP.
  • Real-time availability of a selection of data by AHRPT.
Morning Orbit 09:00 desc 820.7 km Meteor-M N2-3 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos Dec 2022 IKFS-2, KMSS, MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY, MeteoSAR, SSPD, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • Real-time availability of MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY and SSPD by HRPT.
  • Real-time availability of selected images and other data by LRPT.
  • Real-time availability of DCP messages by on-board data relay.
09:00 asc 820.7 km Meteor-M N2-6 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2025 IKFS-2, KMSS, MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY, MeteoSAR, SSPD, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • Real-time availability of MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY and SSPD by HRPT.
  • Real-time availability of selected images and other data by LRPT.
  • Real-time availability of DCP messages by on-board data relay.
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-A2 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2031 3MI, IASI-NG, Sentinel-5, METimage, MWS, RO
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-A3 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2037 3MI, IASI-NG, Sentinel-5, METimage, MWS, RO
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-B1 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2025 A-DCS, ICI, SCA, MWI, RO
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-B2 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2031 A-DCS, ICI, SCA, MWI, RO
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-B3 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2038 A-DCS, ICI, SCA, MWI, RO
  • TBD
09:30 desc 830 km Meteor-MP N2 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2026 SSPD, MSU-MR-MP, IKFS-3, MTVZA-GY-MP, BRLK “Briz”, ACS-nadir, ACS-limb, ARMA-MP, GORIZONT-MP, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-A1 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2024 3MI, IASI-NG, Sentinel-5, METimage, MWS, RO
  • TBD
10:00 desc 836 km FY-3F CMA, NRSCC ≥2023 MWHS-2, MWRI, OMS-nadir, OMS-limb, SWS/IPM, SWS/WAI, MWTS-3, HIRAS-2, SWS/SEM/MFD, GNOS-2, MERSI-3
  • Real-time availability of HIRAS, ERM-2, GNOS, MERSI-2, MWHS-2, MWTS-2, OMS (limb+nadir), SES (IPM+SEM+WAI), SIM-2 and WindRAD by MTP.
  • Real-time availability of a selection of data by AHRPT.
10:00 desc 690 km ALTIUS ESA, BIRA ≥2025 ALTIUS

TBD

Afternoon Orbit TBD 600 km AWS ESA ≥2024 MWR (AWS)
  • Direct Data Broadcast L-Band downlink transmits realtime measurements for nowcasting
  • Data also disseminated to end users using EUMETSAT's EUMETCAST system with some delay.
13:30 asc 824 km JPSS-2 NOAA, NASA Sep 2022 ATMS, CrIS, OMPS-limb, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS, RBI
  • Real-time availability of ATMS, CERES, CrIS, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS and SEM-N (EPS+HES+SSJ5) by HRD.
13:30 asc 824 km JPSS-3 NOAA, NASA ≥2027 ATMS, CrIS, OMPS-limb, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS, Libera
  • Real-time availability of ATMS, CERES, CrIS, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS and SEM-N (EPS+HES+SSJ5) by HRD.
13:30 asc 824 km JPSS-4 NOAA, NASA ≥2032 ATMS, CrIS, OMPS-limb, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS, Libera
  • Real-time availability of ATMS, CERES, CrIS, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS and SEM-N (EPS+HES+SSJ5) by HRD.
14:00 asc 836 km FY-3H CMA, NRSCC ≥2024 ERM-2, MWHS-2, MWRI, SIM-2, MWTS-3, HIRAS-2, SWS/SEM/MFD, GNOS-2, MERSI-3, GAS-2
  • Real-time availability of HIRAS, GAS, GNOS, MERSI-2, MWHS-2, MWRI, MWTS-2 and SES (IPM+SEM+WAI) by MTP.
  • Real-time availability of a selection of data by AHRPT.
15:00 asc 820.7 km Meteor-M N2-4 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2022 IKFS-2, KMSS, MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY, MeteoSAR, SSPD, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • Real-time availability of MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY and SSPD by HRPT.
  • Real-time availability of selected images and other data by LRPT.
  • Real-time availability of DCP messages by on-board data relay.
15:00 desc 820.7 km Meteor-M N2-5 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2024 IKFS-2, KMSS, MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY, MeteoSAR, SSPD, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • Real-time availability of MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY and SSPD by HRPT.
  • Real-time availability of selected images and other data by LRPT.
  • Real-time availability of DCP messages by on-board data relay.
15:30 asc 830 km Meteor-MP N1 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2025 SSPD, MSU-MR-MP, IKFS-3, MTVZA-GY-MP, BRLK “Briz”, ACS-nadir, ACS-limb, ARMA-MP, GORIZONT-MP, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD

Current Geostationary and Molniya Orbit

Name Operator(s) Orbit Incl Launch Instruments Details
Arctica-M N1 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos 28 Feb 2021 M DCS/A, MSU-GS/A, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD.

Future Geostationary and Molniya Orbit

Name Operator(s) Orbit Incl Launch Instruments Details
Arctica-M N2 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos Molniya 63.4 ≥2023 DCS/A, MSU-GS/A, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD.
Arctica-M N3 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos Molniya 63.4 ≥2024 DCS/A, MSU-GS/A, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD.
Arctica-M N4 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos Molniya 63.4 ≥2025 DCS/A, MSU-GS/A, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD.
Arctica-M N5 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos Molniya 63.4 ≥2025 DCS/A, MSU-GS/A, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD.

Current Low Earth Orbit

Name Operator(s) ECT/Incl. Launch Instruments Details
ALOS-2 JAXA 12:00 desc 24 May 2014 PALSAR-2, CIRC
  • Data distributed through a network of several ALOS Data Nodes (ADN), ideally one in each continent.
CALIPSO NASA, CNES 13:30 asc 28 Apr 2006 CALIOP, IIR, WFC
  • Data available from the NASA/LaRC Atmospheric Sciences Data Center (ASDC).
CartoSat-2A ISRO 09:32 desc 28 Apr 2008 PAN
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
CartoSat-2B ISRO 09:30 desc 12 Jul 2010 PAN
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
CBERS-4 CAST, AEB, CRESDA, INPE 10:30 asc 07 Dec 2014 DCS, MUXCAM, PANMUX, WFI-2, IRMSS-2
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Near-real-time selected data by GEONetCast.
  • Off-line data distribution from INPE
HJ-1C CRESDA, CAST 06:00 desc 18 Nov 2012 SAR-S
  • Data distributed by CRESDA.
HY-2A NSOAS, CAST 06:00 desc 15 Aug 2011 DORIS, LRA, MWRI, SCAT, CMR, ALT
ICESat-2 NASA 94° 15 Sep 2018 ATLAS, LRA, TRSR
  • Data available from the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSDIC), Boulder.
KANOPUS-V1 Roscosmos, RosHydroMet 10:30 asc 22 Jul 2012 MSS, MSU-200, PSS
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
KOMPSAT-2 KARI 10:50 asc 28 Jul 2006 MSC
  • Real-time data available at appointed ground stations.
  • Off-line image data available through the exclusive global distributor Satrec Initiative
KOMPSAT-3 KARI 13:30 asc 17 May 2012 AEISS
  • Real-time data available at appointed ground stations.
  • Off-line image data available through the exclusive global distributor Satrec Initiative
KOMPSAT-5 KARI 06:00 asc 22 Aug 2013 AOPOD, COSI, LRR
  • Near real-time radio occultation data available from UCAR
  • Off-line COSI image data available through the exclusive global distributor Satrec Initiative
Landsat-8 USGS, NASA 10:11 desc 11 Feb 2013 OLI, TIRS
Megha-Tropiques ISRO, CNES 20° 12 Oct 2011 MADRAS, ROSA, SAPHIR, ScaRaB
  • Off-line data available from the CNES ICARE or the ISRO MOSDAC.
OceanSat-2 ISRO 11:53 desc 23 Sep 2009 OSCAT, OCM, ROSA
  • Off-line data are distributed by the National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC) in Hyderabad.  Web site:  www.nrsc.gov.in.
  • ROSA data are delivered to the Italian ASI for processing.
PROBA-1 ESA 07:30 desc 22 Oct 2001 CHRIS, SREM-particles, SREM-dose
  • Data available from ESA/ESRIN Earthnet.
ResourceSat-1 (IRS-P6) ISRO 10:42 desc 17 Oct 2003 AWiFS, LISS-4, LISS-3
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
ResourceSat-2 ISRO 10:33 desc 20 Apr 2011 AWiFS, LISS-4, LISS-3
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO.
SARAL CNES, ISRO 05:56 asc 25 Feb 2013 A-DCS, AltiKa, DORIS, LRA
  • Altimetry products distributed by EUMETSAT in near-real time (OGDR: Operational Geophysical Data Record) and by CNES in delayed time (GDR: Geophysical Data Record), outside India. More info at https://navigator.eumetsat.int/search?query=saral
  • Delayed time products provided by AVISO
Sentinel-1A ESA, EC 06:00 desc 03 Apr 2014 SAR-C
  • Data available from centres of the Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS).
  • Real-time availability possible at appointed X-band stations.
SWARM-C ESA, CNES, CSA 87.35° 22 Nov 2013 ACC, ASM, EFI, GPS, LRR, STR, VFM
  • Data available from the ESA/ESRIN PDGS in Frascati.
SWARM-B ESA, CNES, CSA 87.75° 22 Nov 2013 ACC, ASM, EFI, GPS, LRR, STR, VFM
  • Data available from the ESA/ESRIN PDGS in Frascati.
Resurs-P1 Roscosmos 10:30 desc 25 Jun 2013 Geoton-L1, GSA, ShMSA-SR, ShMSA-VR
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
KOMPSAT-3A KARI 13:30 asc 26 Mar 2015 AEISS, IIP
  • Real-time data available at appointed ground stations.
  • Off-line data distributed by KAI Image Inc. in Korea and SpotImage internationally.
PROBA-2 ESA 06:00 asc 02 Nov 2009 SWAP, LYRA, TPMU, DSLP
  • Data available from the Science Operation Center (SOC) located at the Royal Observatory of Belgium in Ukkel (Brussels).
STPSat-3 DoD 40.5° 20 Nov 2013 TIM , iMESA-R, SWATS
Resurs-P2 Roscosmos 10:30 desc 26 Dec 2014 Geoton-L1, Nucleon, GSA, ShMSA-SR, ShMSA-VR
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
PROBA-V ESA 11:00 asc 07 May 2013 Végétation-P, EPD
  • Data available from the User Segment (data processing facility) at VITO (Flemish Institute for Technological Research) in Belgium.
CartoSat-2C ISRO 09:28 desc 22 Jun 2016 PAN, HRMX, EvM
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
ResourceSat-2A ISRO 10:20 desc 07 Dec 2016 AWiFS, LISS-4, LISS-3
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
ISS ECOSTRESS NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 29 Jun 2018 ECOSTRESS
  • Arranged by NASA so as to provide near-real-time data.
Resurs-P3 Roscosmos 10:30 desc 13 Mar 2016 Geoton-L1, GSA, ShMSA-SR, ShMSA-VR
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
SWARM-A ESA, CNES, CSA 87.35° 22 Nov 2013 ACC, ASM, EFI, GPS, LRR, STR, VFM
  • Data available from the ESA/ESRIN PDGS in Frascati.
TANSAT MOST, CAS, CMA 13:30 asc 21 Dec 2016 ACGS, CAPI
  • Data acquisition, processing and dissemination by the National Satellite Meteorological Center (NSMC) of CMA.
  • Data available through NSMC portal
ISS ASIM NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 02 Apr 2018 MXGS, MMIA
  • ASIM is controlled from a ground USOC (User Operator Center) connected to the ISS ground stations.
  • The data are available at the Institutes of the providing entities: the Danish National Space Center in Copenhagen, the University of Valencia and the University of Bergen
Aeolus ESA 06:00 desc 22 Aug 2018 ALADIN
  • NRT horizontally projected line-of-sight wind profiles (L2B product) and atmospheric optical properties (L2A product), available to Met Services and Scientific Community from ESA.
  • NRT L2B data in BUFR format will be broadcasted by ECMWF via EUMETSAT on EUMETCAST and GTS
  • Offline data (reprocessed data, L2C product, calibration and auxiliary files etc.) available from ESA via the same data access link as noted above.
GCOM-C JAXA 10:30 asc 23 Dec 2017 SGLI
  • Data will be available at JAXA 1 year after launch
GCOM-W JAXA 13:30 asc 17 May 2012 AMSR2
  • Data available at JAXA for the general user community.
  • Specific rapid delivery to NOAA for complementing the Suomi-NPP and JPSS data suite. 
GOSAT JAXA, MOE 13:00 desc 23 Jan 2009 TANSO-CAI, TANSO-FTS
  • All data access provided by National Institute for Environmental Studies
KANOPUS-V-IK-1 Roscosmos, RosHydroMet 10:30 asc 14 Jul 2017 MSS, PSS, MSU-IK-SR
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
Sentinel-2A ESA, EC 10:30 desc 23 Jun 2015 MSI
  • Data available from centres of the Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS).
  • Real-time availability possible at appointed X-band stations.
SMOS ESA, CDTI, CNES 06:00 asc 02 Nov 2009 GPS, MIRAS, STA
  • Data available through the user service of ESA/ESRIN in Frascati.
VENµS CNES, ISA 10:30 desc 02 Aug 2017 VSSC
CFOSAT CNSA, CNES 07:00 desc 29 Oct 2018 SCAT, SWIM
  • Data available from the CNES and CNSA mission centres.
CartoSat-2D ISRO 09:30 desc 15 Feb 2017 PAN, HRMX, EvM
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
ISS OCO-3 NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 04 May 2019 OCO
  • Arranged by NASA so as to provide near-real-time data.
CartoSat-2E ISRO 09:29 desc 23 Jun 2017 PAN, HRMX, EvM
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
ISS HISUI NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 05 Dec 2019 HISUI
  • TBD.
Aqua NASA 13:30 asc 04 May 2002 AIRS, AMSR-E, AMSU-A, CERES, HSB, MODIS
  • All data available in real-time through X-band Direct Broadcast. More info at NASA Direct Readout Laboratory.
  • All data available off-line from EOSDIS.
Aura NASA 13:45 asc 15 Jul 2004 HIRDLS, MLS , OMI , TES-limb, TES-nadir
  • For HIRDLS, MLS and OMI, the data are held at the Goddard Earth Science DISC.
  • For TES, the data are held at the NASA Langley Atmospheric Sciences Data Center.
  • The Aura instrument validation data are held at the Aura Validation Data Center at Goddard Space Flight Center.
Terra NASA 10:30 desc 18 Dec 1999 ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS, MOPITT
  • All data available in real-time through X-band Direct Broadcast. More info at NASA Direct Readout Laboratory.
  • All data available off-line from EOSDIS.
GRACE-FO (2 sats) NASA, DLR 89° 22 May 2018 Tri-G, HAIRS, LRR, SCA, SuperSTAR
  • Off-line data available from the Principal Investigators at the GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ) in Potsdam, or the Center for Space Research (CSR) in Austin.
JASON-3 NASA, CNES, EUMETSAT, NOAA 66° 17 Jan 2016 AMR, DORIS, LRA, Poseidon-3B, TRSR, CARMEN, LPT
  • Near-real-time Operational Geophysical Data Records (surface wind speed and waves, and a first estimates of Sea Surface Height Anomaly) are distributed within 3-5 hours from NOAA and EUMETSAT via GTS and EUMETCast, see https://navigator.eumetsat.int/search?query=jason
  • Off-line Interim Geophysical Data Record re-processed after CNES makes available the Precise Orbit Determination are distributed within 1-2 days.Statistically analysed Geophysical Data Records are distributed from archives within 2 months.
Sentinel-1B ESA, EC 06:00 desc 25 Apr 2016 SAR-C
  • Data available from ESA.Real-time availability possible at appointed X-band stations.
Sentinel-3A ESA, EC, EUMETSAT 10:00 desc 16 Feb 2016 DORIS, GPS, LRR, MWR, OLCI , SLSTR, SRAL
  • Description of data services at 
  • https://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Satellites/CurrentSatellites/Sentinel3/index.html 
  • Product delivery timeliness may be:
    • Near-Real-Time (NRT): < 3 h from sensing
    • Short Time Critical (STC): < 48 h from sensing
    • Non-Time Critical (NTC): < 1 month from sensing.
  • NRT Marine products are distributed by EUMETSAT by EUMETCast and via the Copernicus Online Data Access.
ISS TSIS-1 NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 15 Dec 2017 TSIS
  • TBD.
CYGNSS (8 sats) NASA 35° 15 Dec 2016 DDMI
  • Data available from the CYGNSS Science Data Center of NASA.
HY-2B NSOAS, CAST 06:00 desc 25 Oct 2018 DORIS, LRA, MWRI, SCAT, CMR, ALT
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
GOSAT-2 JAXA, MOE 13:00 desc 29 Oct 2018 TANSO-FTS2, TANSO-CAI2
  • All data access provided by National Institute for Environmental Studies
ISS LIS NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 19 Feb 2017 LIS
  • Data routinely available from NASA.
ISS DESIS NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 29 Jun 2018 DESIS
  • Arranged by NASA so as to provide near-real-time data.
ISS GEDI NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 05 Dec 2018 GEDI Lidar
  • Arranged by NASA so as to provide near-real-time data.
KANOPUS-V3 Roscosmos, RosHydroMet 10:30 asc 01 Feb 2018 MSS, MSU-200, PSS
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
KANOPUS-V4 Roscosmos, RosHydroMet 10:30 asc 01 Feb 2018 MSS, MSU-200, PSS
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
CartoSat-2F ISRO 09:37 desc 12 Jan 2018 PAN, HRMX, EvM
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
KANOPUS-V5 Roscosmos, RosHydroMet 10:30 asc 27 Dec 2018 MSS, MSU-200, PSS
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
KANOPUS-V6 Roscosmos, RosHydroMet 10:30 asc 27 Dec 2018 MSS, MSU-200, PSS
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
CBERS-4A CAST, AEB, CRESDA, INPE 10:30 asc 20 Dec 2019 DCS, MUXCAM, PANMUX, WFI-2, IRMSS-2
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Near-real-time selected data by GEONetCast.
  • Off-line data distribution from INPE
CartoSat-3 ISRO 09:30 desc 27 Nov 2019 PAN, MX
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
CryoSat-2 ESA 92° 08 Apr 2010 DORIS, LRR, SIRAL
  • Data available from Kiruna, with user interface managed by ESA/ESRIN (Frascati, Rome).
HY-1C NSOAS, CAST 10:30 desc 07 Sep 2018 COCTS, CZI
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
Sentinel-2B ESA, EC 10:30 desc 07 Mar 2017 MSI
  • Data available from centres of the Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS).
  • Real-time availability possible at appointed X-band stations.
Sentinel-5P ESA, NSO 13:30 asc 13 Oct 2017 TROPOMI
  • Data available from the DLR Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS) in Oberpfaffenhofen.
HY-2C NSOAS, CAST 66° 21 Sep 2020 ALT, DORIS, LRA, CMR, SCAT
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
Sentinel-3B ESA, EC, EUMETSAT 10:00 desc 25 Apr 2018 DORIS, GPS, LRR, MWR, OLCI , SLSTR, SRAL
  • Description of data services at 
  • https://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Satellites/CurrentSatellites/Sentinel3/index.html 
  • Product delivery timeliness may be:
    • Near-Real-Time (NRT): < 3 h from sensing
    • Short Time Critical (STC): < 48 h from sensing
    • Non-Time Critical (NTC): < 1 month from sensing.
  • NRT Marine products are distributed by EUMETSAT by EUMETCast and via the Copernicus Online Data Access.
CAS 500-1 KARI 10:50 asc 22 Mar 2021 AEISS-HR
  • Real-time data available at appointed ground stations.
  • Off-line image data available through the exclusive global distributor Satrec Initiative
HJ-2A CRESDA, CAST 10:30 desc 27 Sep 2020 WVC-2, IRMSS-2, HSI-2
  • Data distributed by CRESDA.
HJ-2B CRESDA, CAST 10:30 desc 27 Sep 2020 WVC-2, IRMSS-2, HSI-2
  • Data distributed by CRESDA.
GPM Core Observatory NASA, JAXA 65° 27 Feb 2014 DPR, GMI
  • Off-line data distributed by the NASA/GSFC Precipitation Processing System (PPS).
HY-1D NSOAS, CAST 13:30 asc 10 Jun 2020 COCTS, CZI
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
OCO-2 NASA 13:30 asc 02 Jul 2014 OCO
  • Data available from the CO2 portal at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, California.
SMAP NASA 06:00 desc 31 Jan 2015 SMAP
  • Data available from NASA JPL and/or GSFC.
ISS SAGE-III NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 19 Feb 2017 SAGE-III
  • Data available from LARC NASA
HY-2D NSOAS, CAST 06:00 desc 19 May 2021 DORIS, LRA, SCAT, CMR, ALT
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
Sentinel-6A EUMETSAT, CNES, EC, ESA, NASA, NOAA 66° 21 Nov 2020 DORIS, GPS, LRA, GNSS-RO, AMR-C, Poseidon-4
  • TBD
Landsat-9 USGS, NASA 10:00 desc 27 Sep 2021 OLI, TIRS

Real-time data are available at appointed acquisition stations in the IGS network, for example European scenes from  https://landsat8portal.eo.esa.int/portal/ Off-line data are available from the USGS EROS DataCenter.

Future Low Earth Orbit

(only firmly planned Satellites)
Name Operator(s) ECT/Incl. Launch Instruments Details
SWOT NASA, CNES 78° ≥2022 Altimeter, KaRIN, MW radiometer
  • TBD.
Ionosphera-M N1 & N2 Roscosmos ≥2022 SPER/1, ST/1, GALS/1, LAERTES, NBK/2, ESEP, Ozonometer-TM, MAYAK, PES
  • TBD.
SAC-E/SABIA-MAR A CONAE, AEB, INPE, NASA 10:30 desc ≥2022 DCS, HSC, MUS-nir/swir
  • TBD
HY-1E NSOAS, CAST 13:30 asc ≥2022 COCTS, CZI
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
CFOSAT follow-on CNSA, CNES 07:00 desc ≥2022 SCAT, SWIM
  • Data available from the CNES and CNSA mission centres.
ALOS-4 JAXA 12:00 desc ≥2022 PALSAR-3
  • TBD
Sentinel-1C ESA, EC 06:00 desc ≥2022 SAR-C
  • Data available from centres of the Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS).
  • Real-time availability possible at appointed X-band stations.
ISS MOLI NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° ≥2022 MODI lidar, MOLI imager
  • Data available from JAXA
Resurs-P4 Roscosmos 10:30 desc ≥2022 Geoton-L1, GSA, ShMSA-SR, ShMSA-VR
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
Resurs-P5 Roscosmos 10:30 desc ≥2022 Geoton-L1, GSA, ShMSA-SR, ShMSA-VR
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
CAS 500-2 KARI 10:50 asc ≥2022 AEISS-HR
  • Real-time data available at appointed ground stations.
  • Off-line image data available through the exclusive global distributor Satrec Initiative
ISS EMIT NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° ≥2022 EMIT
  • Data routinely available from NASA.
ALOS-3 JAXA 10:30 desc Mar 2022 WISH
  • TBD
OceanSat-3 ISRO 12:00:00 desc Mar 2022 A-DCS, OSCAT, OCM, SSTM
  • NRT product access under consideration by ISRO and EUMETSAT
  • Off-line data are distributed by the National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC) in Hyderabad.  Web site:  www.nrsc.gov.in.
ResourceSat-3S ISRO 10:30 desc Jul 2022 MX, PAN

information

  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
KOMPSAT-7 KARI 10:50 asc Jul 2022 AEISS-HR
  • Real-time data available at appointed ground stations.
  • Off-line data distributed by KAI Image Inc. in Korea and SpotImage internationally.
KOMPSAT-6 KARI 06:00 asc Oct 2022 COSI
  • Off-line SAR image data available through the exclusive global distributor Satrec Initiative
EarthCARE ESA, JAXA 14:00 desc ≥2023 ATLID, BBR, CPR, MSI
  • Data available from ESA/ESRIN and, for CPR, JAXA/EORC.
BIOMASS ESA 06:00 desc ≥2023 SAR-P
  • Data made available from the ESA’s Payload Data Ground Segment at the ESRIN.
Ionosphera-M N3 & N4 Roscosmos ≥2023 SPER/1, ST/1, GALS/1, LAERTES, NBK/2, ESEP, Ozonometer-TM, MAYAK, PES
  • TBD.
SAC-E/SABIA-MAR B CONAE, AEB, INPE, NASA 10:30 desc ≥2023 DCS, HSC, MUS-uv/vis/nir
  • TBD
HY-2E NSOAS, CAST 06:00 desc ≥2023 DORIS, LRA, SCAT, CMR, ALT
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
HY-2H NSOAS, CAST 06:00 desc ≥2023
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
ISS CLARREO-PF NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° ≥2023 HySICS
  • Arranged by NASA so as to provide near-real-time data.
ResourceSat-3 ISRO 10:30 desc ≥2023 ALISS-3, ATCOR

information

  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
OceanSat-3A ISRO 12:00 desc ≥2023 OSCAT, OCM, SSTM
  • NRT product access under consideration by ISRO and EUMETSAT
  • Off-line data are distributed by the National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC) in Hyderabad.  Web site:  www.nrsc.gov.in.
ISS TSIS-2 NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° ≥2023 TSIS
  • TBD
ResourceSat-3SA ISRO 10:30 desc ≥2023 MX, PAN

information

  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
GOSAT-GW JAXA, MOE 13:30 asc ≥2023 AMSR-3, TANSO-3
  • All data access provided by National Institute for Environmental Studies
Sentinel-1D ESA, EC 06:00 desc ≥2023 SAR-C
  • Data available from centres of the Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS).
  • Real-time availability possible at appointed X-band stations.
Sentinel-3C ESA, EC, EUMETSAT 10:00 desc ≥2023 DORIS, GPS, LRR, MWR, OLCI , SLSTR, SRAL
  • Description of data services at 
  • https://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Satellites/CurrentSatellites/Sentinel3/index.html 
  • Product delivery timeliness may be:
    • Near-Real-Time (NRT): < 3 h from sensing
    • Short Time Critical (STC): < 48 h from sensing
    • Non-Time Critical (NTC): < 1 month from sensing.
  • NRT Marine products are distributed by EUMETSAT by EUMETCast and via the Copernicus Online Data Access.
MicroCarb CNES 10:30 desc ≥2023 MicroCarb
  • TBD
PACE NASA, CNES 12:00 desc ≥2024 Polarimeters, OCI
  • TBD.
FLEX ESA 10:00 desc ≥2024 , FLORIS
  • TBD.
HY-1F NSOAS, CAST 13:30 asc ≥2024 COCTS, CZI
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
HY-2F NSOAS, CAST 66° ≥2024 ALT, DORIS, LRA, CMR, SCAT
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
ResourceSat-3A ISRO 10:30 desc ≥2024 ALISS-3, ATCOR
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
Sentinel-2C ESA, EC 10:30 desc ≥2024 MSI
  • Data available from centres of the Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS).
  • Real-time availability possible at appointed X-band stations.
Sentinel-6B EUMETSAT, CNES, EC, ESA, NASA, NOAA 66° ≥2025 DORIS, GPS, LRA, GNSS-RO, AMR-C, Poseidon-4
  • TBD
Zond-M Roscosmos ≥2025 LETITsIYA-Camera, RIMS-A, ST/2, NBK/2, FM-G, Ozonometer-3, SOLIST, STEK, RESPEKT, SUF, SRF
  • TBD.
HY-2G NSOAS, CAST 66° ≥2025 ALT, DORIS, LRA, CMR, SCAT
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
Sentinel-2D ESA, EC 10:30 desc ≥2025 MSI
  • Data available from centres of the Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS).
  • Real-time availability possible at appointed X-band stations.
Sentinel-3D ESA, EC, EUMETSAT 10:00 desc ≥2025 DORIS, GPS, LRR, MWR, OLCI , SLSTR, SRAL
  • Description of data services at 
  • https://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Satellites/CurrentSatellites/Sentinel3/index.html 
  • Product delivery timeliness may be:
    • Near-Real-Time (NRT): < 3 h from sensing
    • Short Time Critical (STC): < 48 h from sensing
    • Non-Time Critical (NTC): < 1 month from sensing.
  • NRT Marine products are distributed by EUMETSAT by EUMETCast and via the Copernicus Online Data Access.

Current Specific Orbits (for Space Weather)

Name Operator(s) Orbit Launch Instruments Details
ACE NASA, NOAA L1 25 Aug 1997 SWIMS, SWICS, ULEIS, SEPICA , SWEPAM, MAG, SIS, CRIS, EPAM
  • Data available from the Space Radiation Laboratory of Caltech, Pasadena, CA.
SOHO ESA, NASA L1 02 Dec 1995 SUMER, CDS, EIT, UVCS, LASCO, SWAN, CELIAS, COSTEP, ERNE, GOLF, VIRGO , MDI, SEM
  • Data available from NASA/GSFC and ESA/ESAC.
WIND NASA L1 01 Nov 1994 MFI, WAVES, SWE, SMS, EPACT, PLASMA, TGRS, KONUS
  • Data available from NASA/GSFC.
Solar Orbiter ESA, NASA Solar 10 Feb 2020 EPD, EUI, METIS, MAG, RPW, SWA, PHI, SoloHI, SPICE, STIX
  • Data available from the European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Villafranca.
STEREO-A NASA Ecliptic 26 Oct 2006 PLASTIC, S/WAVES, IMPACT/STE, IMPACT/SWEA, SECCHI/COR-1, SECCHI/COR-2, SECCHI/HI-1, SECCHI/HI-2, IMPACT/SEP, IMPACT/MAG, SECCHI/EUVI
  • Data available from NASA/GSFC.
DSCOVR NOAA, NASA L1 11 Feb 2015 NISTAR, EPIC, MAG, ES, FC
  • Data exchanged within the International Real Time Solar Wind Network (RTSWnet).
  • Data archived at the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center, Boulder, Co.

Future Specific Orbits (for Space Weather)

Name Operator(s) Orbit Launch Instruments Details
SWFO-L1(Planned) NOAA, NASA L1 ≥2025 CCOR, SWIS/SWiPS, SWIS/STIS, SWIS/MAG
  • Data processing performed by the NWS Space Weather Processing Center (SWPC).
  • Archived data available from the NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).