This page lists the status of current and future satellites contributing to the WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS). This information is extracted from OSCAR/Space(Observing Systems Capability Analysis and Review Tool). For further information, please go directly to the tool, which offers search, filter and export facilities and addresses a larger number of Earth observation satellites.

The links in the tables also lead directly to OSCAR/Space. For more details on the satellites, e.g. payload characteristics, data access or telecommunication frequencies please click on the respective name.

Backbone Satellites Contributing to WIGOS
Geostationary Core Constellation Current Future
Sun-synchronous Core Constellation Current Future
     
Additional Satellites Contributing to WIGOS
Geostationary and Molniya Orbit Current Future
Low Earth Orbit Current Future
Specific Orbits (for Space Weather) Current Future

Current Geostationary Core Constellation

Long. Name Operator(s) Launch Instruments Details
137.2° W GOES-17 NOAA, NASA 01 Mar 2018 ABI, EXIS, GEOS&R , GLM, SEM/MAG, SUVI, DCIS, SEISS/MPS, SEISS/EHIS, SEISS/SGPS
  • Near-real time availability of ABI, GLM, EXIS, MAG, SUVI and SEISS (MPS, EHIS and SGPS) by GRB and LRIT.
  • Real-time availability of EMWIN-N information.
  • DCP messages through ground lines from the CDA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
137° W GOES-18 NOAA, NASA 01 Mar 2022 ABI, EXIS, GEOS&R , GLM, SEM/MAG, SUVI, DCIS, SEISS/MPS, SEISS/EHIS, SEISS/SGPS
  • Near-real time availability of ABI, GLM, EXIS, MAG, SUVI and SEISS (MPS, EHIS and SGPS) by GRB and LRIT.
  • Real-time availability of EMWIN-N information.
  • DCP messages through ground lines from the CDA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
128° W GOES-15 NOAA, NASA 04 Mar 2010 GEOS&R , SEM/MAG, SOUNDER, SXI, SEM/EPS, SEM/HEPAD, SEM/XRS-EUV, DCIS, IMAGER
  • Near-real time availability of pre-processed IMAGER and SOUNDER data in the GVAR format by the PDR and LRIT links to user stations.
  • Near-real time availability of SXI and SEM (MAG, EPS, HEPAD and XRS) and diagnostic data by MDL.
  • Near-real-time availability of EMWIN-N information.
  • DCP messages through ground lines.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
  • Note: No single webpage provides data access details for GOES Level 1 data, the link given here provides access to GOES images in graphical format.
  • http://www.goes.noaa.gov/
105° W GOES-14 NOAA, NASA 27 Jun 2009 GEOS&R , SEM/MAG, SOUNDER, SXI, SEM/EPS, SEM/HEPAD, SEM/XRS-EUV, DCIS, IMAGER
  • Near-real time availability of pre-processed IMAGER and SOUNDER data in the GVAR format by the PDR and LRIT links to user stations.
  • Near-real time availability of SXI and SEM (MAG, EPS, HEPAD and XRS) and diagnostic data by MDL. 
  • Near-real-time availability of EMWIN-N information.
  • DCP messages through ground lines.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
  • Note: No single webpage provides data access details for GOES Level 1 data, the link given here provides access to GOES images in graphical format.
75.2° W GOES-16 NOAA, NASA 19 Nov 2016 ABI, EXIS, GEOS&R , GLM, SEM/MAG, SUVI, DCIS, SEISS/MPS, SEISS/EHIS, SEISS/SGPS
  • Near-real time availability of ABI, GLM, EXIS, MAG, SUVI and SEISS (MPS, EHIS and SGPS) by GRB and LRIT.
  • Near real-time data available at GEONETCAST Americas, see http://www.geonetcastamericas.noaa.gov/.
  • Data and products available from the PDA (restricted).
  • Real-time availability of EMWIN-N information.
  • DCP messages through ground lines from the CDA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
  • Overview over Data Access Methods at 

http://www.goes-r.gov/users/user-systems.html

14.5° W Electro-L N2 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos 11 Dec 2015 DCS, GEOS&R, MSU-GS, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/SKL-E, GGAK-E/GALS-E, GGAK-E/VUSS-E, GGAK-E/DIR-E
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution MSU-GS images by HRIT.
  • Near real-time images available on EUMETCast
  • Availability of image segments of MSU-GS by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages at DCSA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
Meteosat-11 EUMETSAT, ESA 15 Jul 2015 DCS, GEOS&R , GERB, SEVIRI
  • Near-real time availability of full set of data and products (SEVIRI, GERB, DCS and MDD) by EUMETCast
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time
9.5° E Meteosat-10 EUMETSAT, ESA 05 Jul 2012 DCS, GEOS&R , GERB, SEVIRI
  • Full Disk Scanning satellite
  • Near-real time availability of all image data by EUMETCast. (http://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Data/DataDelivery/EUMETCast/index.html?l=en)
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time. 
45.5° E Meteosat-9 (IODC) EUMETSAT, ESA 01 Jul 2022 GEOS&R , SEVIRI

Near-real time availability of all image data by EUMETCast.  More info at:http://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Data/DataDelivery/EUMETCast/index.html?l=e

74° E INSAT-3DR ISRO, IMD 08 Sep 2016 DCS, SAS&R, IMAGER, SOUNDER
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT.
  • Availability of selected images and data by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages by ground lines.
  • Alert messages of SASAR to LUT in real time.
76° E Electro-L N3 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos 24 Dec 2019 DCS, GEOS&R, MSU-GS, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/SKL-E, GGAK-E/GALS-E, GGAK-E/VUSS-E, GGAK-E/DIR-E
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution MSU-GS images by HRIT.
  • Availability of image segments of MSU-GS by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages at DCSA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
79° E FY-2H CMA, NRSCC 05 Jun 2018 DCS, SEM, S-VISSR, SXM
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution S-VISSR images on HRIT and CMACast.
  • Availability of image segments of S-VISSR in digital form by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages by ground lines.
82° E INSAT-3D ISRO, IMD 25 Jul 2013 DCS, SAS&R, IMAGER, SOUNDER
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT.
  • Availability of selected images and data by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages by ground lines.
  • Alert messages of SASAR to LUT in real time.
  • Note: The link provided is to an IMD page for browsing recent images (incl animations) and products from INSAT-3D in graphical format. No access to L1 data is provided for general users.
104.7° E FY-4A CMA, NRSCC 10 Dec 2016 DCS, GIIRS, LMI, AGRI, SEP/HEPS, SEP-fields
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT and (planned) by CMACast.
  • Availability of selected information by LRIT.
  • Meteorological warnings (WAIB) sharing the LRIT link.
  • Availability of DCP messages by land lines.
105° E FY-2G CMA, NRSCC 31 Dec 2014 DCS, SEM, S-VISSR, SXM
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution S-VISSR images on HRIT, CMACast and via CMA portal.
  • Availability of image segments of S-VISSR in digital form by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages by ground lines. 
128.2° E GEO-KOMPSAT-2A KMA, KARI, ME, MLTM 04 Dec 2018 AMI, KSEM/PD, KSEM/MAG, KSEM/CM
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution image data by direct broadcast in X-band
128.2° E GEO-KOMPSAT-2B KMA, KARI, ME, MLTM 18 Feb 2020 GEMS, GOCI-II
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution image data by direct broadcast in X-band
133° E FY-4B CMA, NRSCC 02 Jun 2021 DCS, GIIRS, AGRI, SEP/HEPS, SEP-fields, GHI, SEP/MEPS, SEP/LEPS, FGM
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT and CMACast.
  • Availability of selected information by LRIT.
  • Meteorological warnings (WAIB) sharing the LRIT link.
  • Availability of DCP messages by land lines.
140.7° E Himawari-8 JMA 07 Oct 2014 AHI, DCS, SEDA
140.7° E Himawari-9 JMA 02 Nov 2016 AHI, DCS, SEDA

Future Geostationary Core Constellation

Long. Name Operator(s) Launch Instruments Details
75° W GOES-U NOAA, NASA ≥2024 ABI, EXIS, GEOS&R , GLM, SEM/MAG, SUVI, DCIS, SEISS/MPS, SEISS/EHIS, SEISS/SGPS, CCOR
  • Near-real time availability of ABI, GLM, EXIS, MAG, SUVI and SEISS (MPS, EHIS and SGPS) by GRB and LRIT.
  • Real-time availability of EMWIN-N information.
  • DCP messages through ground lines from the CDA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
14.5° W Electro-M N1 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2025 DCS, GEOS&R, MSU-GSM, IRFS-GS, ERBR, LM, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E, GGAK-E/ISP-2M, GGAK-E/VUSS-E, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/DIR-E
  • TBD
MTG-I1 EUMETSAT, EC, ESA Dec 2022 DCS, FCI, GEOS&R , LI, NGRM
  • No direct broadcast of data
  • Near-realtime Data distribution to users by EUMETCast or through dedicated ground lines or the RMDCN/GTS.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
MTG-I2 EUMETSAT, EC, ESA ≥2025 DCS, FCI, GEOS&R , LI, NGRM
  • No direct broadcast of data
  • Near-realtime Data distribution to users by EUMETCast or through dedicated ground lines or the RMDCN/GTS.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
MTG-I3 EUMETSAT, EC, ESA ≥2032 DCS, FCI, GEOS&R , LI, NGRM
  • No direct broadcast of data
  • Near-realtime Data distribution to users by EUMETCast or through dedicated ground lines or the RMDCN/GTS.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
MTG-I4 EUMETSAT, EC, ESA ≥2036 DCS, FCI, GEOS&R , LI, NGRM
  • No direct broadcast of data
  • Near-realtime Data distribution to users by EUMETCast or through dedicated ground lines or the RMDCN/GTS.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
MTG-S1 EUMETSAT, EC, ESA ≥2024 IRS, Sentinel-4, NGRM
  • No direct broadcast of data
  • Near-realtime Data distribution to users by EUMETCast or through dedicated ground lines or the RMDCN/GTS.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
MTG-S2 EUMETSAT, EC, ESA ≥2034 IRS, Sentinel-4, NGRM
  • No direct broadcast of data
  • Near-realtime Data distribution to users by EUMETCast or through dedicated ground lines or the RMDCN/GTS.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
FY-4 MW1 CMA, NRSCC ≥2025
FY-4 MW2 CMA, NRSCC ≥2029
74° E INSAT-3DS ISRO, IMD ≥2023 DCS, SAS&R, IMAGER, SOUNDER
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT.
  • Availability of selected images and data by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages by ground lines.
  • Alert messages of SASAR to LUT in real time
76° E Electro-M N2 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2026 DCS, GEOS&R, MSU-GSM, IRFS-GS, ERBR, LM, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E, GGAK-E/ISP-2M, GGAK-E/VUSS-E, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/DIR-E
  • TBD
76° E Electro-L N5 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2023 DCS, GEOS&R, MSU-GS, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/SKL-E, GGAK-E/GALS-E, GGAK-E/ISP-2M, GGAK-E/VUSS-E, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/DIR-E
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution MSU-GS images by HRIT.
  • Availability of image segments of MSU-GS by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages at DCSA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.
86.5° E FY-4C CMA, NRSCC ≥2024 DCS, GIIRS, LMI, AGRI, SXEUV, SUVI, SXUS, MUSI
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT and CMACast.
  • Availability of selected information by LRIT.
  • Meteorological warnings (WAIB) sharing the LRIT link.
  • Availability of DCP messages by land lines.
86.5° E FY-4E CMA, NRSCC ≥2027 DCS, GIIRS, LMI, AGRI, SEP/HEPS, SXEUV, SEP-fields, SEP/MEPS, SEP/LEPS, SUVI, SXUS, MUSI
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT and CMACast.
  • Availability of selected information by LRIT.
  • Meteorological warnings (WAIB) sharing the LRIT link.
  • Availability of DCP messages by land lines.
86.5° E FY-4G CMA, NRSCC ≥2033 DCS, GIIRS, LMI, AGRI, SEP/HEPS, SXEUV, SEP-fields, SEP/MEPS, SEP/LEPS, SUVI, SXUS, MUSI
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT and CMACast.
  • Availability of selected information by LRIT.
  • Meteorological warnings (WAIB) sharing the LRIT link.
  • Availability of DCP messages by land lines.
105° E FY-4D CMA, NRSCC ≥2026 DCS, GIIRS, LMI, AGRI, SEP/HEPS, SXEUV, SEP-fields, SEP/MEPS, SEP/LEPS, SUVI, SXUS, MUSI
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT and CMACast.
  • Availability of selected information by LRIT.
  • Meteorological warnings (WAIB) sharing the LRIT link.
  • Availability of DCP messages by land lines.
105° E FY-4F CMA, NRSCC ≥2030 DCS, GIIRS, LMI, AGRI, SEP/HEPS, SXEUV, SEP-fields, SEP/MEPS, SEP/LEPS, SUVI, SXUS, MUSI
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution data by HRIT and CMACast.
  • Availability of selected information by LRIT.
  • Meteorological warnings (WAIB) sharing the LRIT link.
  • Availability of DCP messages by land lines.
165.8° E Electro-M N3 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2029 DCS, GEOS&R, MSU-GSM, IRFS-GS, ERBR, LM, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E, GGAK-E/ISP-2M, GGAK-E/VUSS-E, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/DIR-E
  • TBD
166° E Electro-L N4 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2023 DCS, GEOS&R, MSU-GS, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/SKL-E, GGAK-E/GALS-E, GGAK-E/ISP-2M, GGAK-E/VUSS-E, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/DIR-E
  • Near-real time availability of full resolution MSU-GS images by HRIT.
  • Availability of image segments of MSU-GS by LRIT.
  • Availability of DCP messages at DCSA.
  • Alert messages of GEOS&R to LUT in real time.

Current Sun-synchronous Core Constellation

Sector ECT Altitude Name Operator(s) Launch Instruments Details
Early Morning Orbit 04:50 desc 850 km DMSP-F18 DoD, NOAA 18 Oct 2009 OLS, SSMIS, SESS/SSUSI, SESS/SSULI, SESS/SSI/ES-3, SESS/SSM-Boom, SESS/SSJ5
  • Military satellite.
  • MW (SSMIS) Imagery available from NOAA on the basis of bilateral agreements.
  • Offline data available from NOAA CLASS.
  • Other data only available to DoD user
05:40 desc 836 km FY-3E CMA, NRSCC 04 Jul 2021 MWHS-2, SIM-2, WindRAD, SWS/SEM/HEPD, SWS/SEM/IMS, SWS/Tri-IPM, XEUVI, MWTS-3, HIRAS-2, MERSI-LL, SSIM, SWS/SEM/FGM, GNOS-2
  • Real-time availability of HIRAS, ERM-2, GNOS, MERSI-2, MWHS-2, MWTS-2, OMS (limb+nadir), SES (IPM+SEM+WAI), SIM-2 and WindRAD by MTP.
  • Real-time availability of a selection of data by AHRPT.
06:40 desc 848 km DMSP-F17 DoD, NOAA 04 Nov 2006 OLS, SSMIS, SESS/SSUSI, SESS/SSULI, SESS/SSI/ES-3, SESS/SSM-Boom, SESS/SSJ5
  • Military satellite.
  • MW (SSMIS) Imagery available from NOAA on the basis of bilateral agreements.
  • Offline data available from NOAA CLASS.
  • Other data only available to DoD users
07:28 desc 813 km NOAA-15 NOAA 13 May 1998 AMSU-A, AMSU-B, AVHRR/3, HIRS/3, S&RSAT, DCS/2, SEM/MEPED, SEM/TED
  • Real time availability of AMSU-A, AMSU-B, AVHRR/3, HIRS/3, DCP and SEM/2 (MEDEP + TED) by HRPT, WEFAX and DSB.
  • Deferred time access to GAC and LAC from NOAA CLASS.
  • Alert messages of S&RSAT to LUT in real time.
  • Note: The link below is to the NOAA-KLM User's Guide.
  • http://ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/pod-guide/ncdc/docs/klm/index.htm    
07:29 desc 870 km NOAA-19 NOAA 06 Feb 2009 A-DCS, AMSU-A, AVHRR/3, HIRS/4, MHS, S&RSAT, SBUV/2, SEM/MEPED, SEM/TED
  • Real time availability of AMSU-A, AMSU-B, AVHRR/3, HIRS/3, DCP and SEM/2 (MEDEP + TED) by HRPT, WEFAX and DSB.
  • Deferred time access to GAC and LAC from NOAA CLASS.
  • Alert messages of S&RSAT to LUT in real time.
Morning Orbit 08:05 desc 854 km NOAA-18 NOAA 20 May 2005 AMSU-A, AVHRR/3, HIRS/4, MHS, S&RSAT, SBUV/2, DCS/2, SEM/MEPED, SEM/TED
  • Real time availability of AMSU-A, AMSU-B, AVHRR/3, HIRS/3, DCP and SEM/2 (MEDEP + TED) by HRPT, WEFAX and DSB.
  • Deferred time access to GAC and LAC from CLASS.
  • Alert messages of S&RSAT to LUT in real time.
  • Note: The link below is to the NOAA-KLM User's Guide.
  • http://ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/pod-guide/ncdc/docs/klm/index.htm
08:20 desc 836 km FY-3C CMA, NRSCC 23 Sep 2013 ERM-1, GNOS, IRAS, MERSI-1, MWHS-2, MWRI, MWTS-2, SBUS, SEM/HEPD, SIM-1, TOU, VIRR, SEM/IMS
  • Real-time availability of ERM-1, IRAS, MERSI-1, MWHS-1, MWRI, MWTS-1, SBUS, SEM, SIM-1, TOU and VIRR by MTP (X-band). Note: MTP uses Left Hand Circular Polarisation (LHCP).
  • Real-time availability of a selection of data by AHRPT in L-band, using RHCP.
  • Global data available via CMA portalSelected global data available under bilateral arrangements
09:30 asc 820 km Meteor-M N2 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos 08 Jul 2014 IKFS-2, KMSS, MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY, Severjanin-M, SSPD, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • Real-time availability of MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY and SSPD by HRPT.
  • Real-time availability of selected images and other data by LRPT.
  • Real-time availability of DCP messages by on-board data relay.
09:31 desc 827 km Metop-B EUMETSAT, ESA 17 Sep 2012 A-DCS, AMSU-A, ASCAT, AVHRR/3, GOME-2, GRAS, HIRS/4, IASI, MHS, S&RSAT, SEM/MEPED, SEM/TED
  • Direct Broadcast (AHRPT): Real-time availability of AMSU-A, ASCAT. AVHRR, GOME-2, GRAS, HIRS/4, IASI, MHS, DCP messages and SEM/2 (MEDEP + TED). LRPT not available.
  • Near-real-time availability of extended-area coverage data by EARS.
  • Near-real time availability of Level 1 data by EUMETCast. 
  • Alert messages of S&RSAT to LUT in real time 
  • The latency of global data is reduced by the use of the Antarctic Data Acquisition station (ADA) at McMurdo
09:31 desc 817 km Metop-C EUMETSAT, ESA 07 Nov 2018 A-DCS, AMSU-A, ASCAT, AVHRR/3, GOME-2, GRAS, IASI, MHS
  • Direct Broadcast (AHRPT): Real-time availability of AMSU-A, ASCAT. AVHRR, GOME-2, GRAS, IASI, MHS, DCP messages and SEM/2 (MEDEP + TED). LRPT not available.
  • Near-real-time availability of extended-area coverage data by EARS.
  • Near-real time availability of Level 1 data by EUMETCast.
  • Alert messages of S&RSAT to LUT in real time.
Afternoon Orbit 13:25 asc 834 km NOAA-20 NOAA, NASA 18 Nov 2017 ATMS, CERES, CrIS, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS

Real-time availability of ATMS, CERES, CrIS, OMPS-nadir and VIIRS by HRD Direct Broadcast in X-band.Data available from NOAA CLASS 

13:25 asc 833 km SNPP NOAA, NASA 28 Oct 2011 ATMS, CERES, CrIS, OMPS-limb, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS
13:29 asc 836 km FY-3D CMA, NRSCC 14 Nov 2017 HIRAS, GAS, GNOS, MERSI-2, MWHS-2, MWRI, MWTS-2, SEM/HEPD, SWS/IPM, SWS/WAI, SWS/SEM/IMS
  • Real-time availability of HIRAS, GAS, GNOS, MERSI-2, MWHS-2, MWRI, MWTS-2 and SES (IPM+SEM+WAI) by MTP.
  • Global data available via CMA portal
  • Real-time availability of a selection of data by AHRPT.
15:00 asc 821 km Meteor-M N2-2 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos 05 Jul 2019 IKFS-2, KMSS, MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY, Severjanin-M, SSPD, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • Real-time availability of MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY and SSPD by HRPT.
  • Real-time availability of selected images and other data by LRPT.
  • Real-time availability of DCP messages by on-board data relay.

Future Sun-synchronous Core Constellation

Sector ECT Altitude Name Operator(s) Launch Instruments Details
Early Morning Orbit 05:00 desc 836 km FY-3J CMA, NRSCC ≥2027 MWHS-2, SIM-2, WindRAD, SWS/SEM/HEPD, SWS/SEM/IMS, SWS/Tri-IPM, XEUVI, MWTS-3, HIRAS-2, MERSI-LL, SSIM, SWS/SEM/FGM, GNOS-2
  • Real-time availability of HIRAS, ERM-2, GNOS, MERSI-2, MWHS-2, MWTS-2, OMS (limb+nadir), SES (IPM+SEM+WAI), SIM-2 and WindRAD by MTP.
  • Real-time availability of a selection of data by AHRPT.
Morning Orbit 09:00 desc 820.7 km Meteor-M N2-3 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2023 IKFS-2, KMSS, MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY, MeteoSAR, SSPD, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • Real-time availability of MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY and SSPD by HRPT.
  • Real-time availability of selected images and other data by LRPT.
  • Real-time availability of DCP messages by on-board data relay.
09:00 asc 820.7 km Meteor-M N2-6 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2025 IKFS-2, KMSS, MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY, MeteoSAR, SSPD, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • Real-time availability of MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY and SSPD by HRPT.
  • Real-time availability of selected images and other data by LRPT.
  • Real-time availability of DCP messages by on-board data relay.
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-A2 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2031 3MI, IASI-NG, Sentinel-5, METimage, MWS, RO
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-A3 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2038 3MI, IASI-NG, Sentinel-5, METimage, MWS, RO
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-B1 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2025 A-DCS, ICI, SCA, MWI, RO, NGRM
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-B2 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2032 A-DCS, ICI, SCA, MWI, RO
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-B3 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2039 A-DCS, ICI, SCA, MWI, RO
  • TBD
09:30 desc 830 km Meteor-MP N2 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2026 SSPD, MSU-MR-MP, IKFS-3, MTVZA-GY-MP, BRLK “Briz”, ACS-nadir, ACS-limb, ARMA-MP, GORIZONT-MP, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD
09:30 desc 835 km Metop-SG-A1 EUMETSAT, ESA ≥2024 3MI, IASI-NG, Sentinel-5, METimage, MWS, RO, NGRM
  • TBD
10:00 desc 836 km FY-3F CMA, NRSCC Dec 2022 MWHS-2, MWRI, OMS-nadir, OMS-limb, SWS/IPM, SWS/WAI, MWTS-3, HIRAS-2, SWS/SEM/FGM, GNOS-2, MERSI-3
  • Real-time availability of HIRAS, ERM-2, GNOS, MERSI-2, MWHS-2, MWTS-2, OMS (limb+nadir), SES (IPM+SEM+WAI), SIM-2 and WindRAD by MTP.
  • Real-time availability of a selection of data by AHRPT.
10:00 desc 690 km ALTIUS ESA, BIRA ≥2025 ALTIUS

TBD

Afternoon Orbit TBD 595 km AWS ESA, EUMETSAT ≥2029 MWR (AWS)
  • Direct Data Broadcast L-Band downlink transmits realtime measurements for nowcasting
  • Data also disseminated to end users using EUMETSAT's EUMETCAST system with some delay.
TBD 600 km AWS-PFM ESA, EUMETSAT ≥2024 MWR (AWS)
  • Direct Data Broadcast L-Band downlink transmits realtime measurements for nowcasting
  • Data also disseminated to end users using EUMETSAT's EUMETCAST system with some delay.
km QuickSounder NOAA ≥2025 ATMS
  • Real time availability of data 
833 km WSF-M1 DoD ≥2024 MWI, ECP

TBD

km ARGOS-4 NOAA Oct 2022 Argos

NOAA

13:30 asc 824 km JPSS-2 NOAA, NASA Nov 2022 , ATMS, CrIS, OMPS-limb, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS

Real-time availability of ATMS, CrIS, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS by HRD.

13:30 asc 824 km JPSS-3 NOAA, NASA ≥2027 ATMS, CrIS, OMPS-limb, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS, Libera

Real-time availability of ATMS, Libera, CrIS, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS by HRD.

13:30 asc 824 km JPSS-4 NOAA, NASA ≥2032 ATMS, CrIS, OMPS-limb, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS

Real-time availability of ATMS, CrIS, OMPS-nadir, VIIRS by HRD.

14:00 asc 836 km FY-3H CMA, NRSCC ≥2023 ERM-2, MWHS-2, MWRI, SIM-2, MWTS-3, HIRAS-2, SWS/SEM/FGM, GNOS-2, MERSI-3, GAS-2
  • Real-time availability of HIRAS, GAS, GNOS, MERSI-2, MWHS-2, MWRI, MWTS-2 and SES (IPM+SEM+WAI) by MTP.
  • Real-time availability of a selection of data by AHRPT.
15:00 asc 820.7 km Meteor-M N2-4 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2023 IKFS-2, KMSS, MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY, MeteoSAR, SSPD, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • Real-time availability of MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY and SSPD by HRPT.
  • Real-time availability of selected images and other data by LRPT.
  • Real-time availability of DCP messages by on-board data relay.
15:00 desc 820.7 km Meteor-M N2-5 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2024 IKFS-2, KMSS, MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY, MeteoSAR, SSPD, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • Real-time availability of MSU-MR, MTVZA-GY and SSPD by HRPT.
  • Real-time availability of selected images and other data by LRPT.
  • Real-time availability of DCP messages by on-board data relay.
15:30 asc 830 km Meteor-MP N1 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos ≥2025 SSPD, MSU-MR-MP, IKFS-3, MTVZA-GY-MP, BRLK “Briz”, ACS-nadir, ACS-limb, ARMA-MP, GORIZONT-MP, GGAK-M/RIMS-M, IKOR-M, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD

Current Geostationary and Molniya Orbit

Name Operator(s) Orbit Incl Launch Instruments Details
Arctica-M N1 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos 28 Feb 2021 M DCS/A, MSU-GS/A, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD.

Future Geostationary and Molniya Orbit

Name Operator(s) Orbit Incl Launch Instruments Details
Arctica-M N2 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos Molniya 63.4 ≥2023 DCS/A, MSU-GS/A, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD.
Arctica-M N3 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos Molniya 63.4 ≥2024 DCS/A, MSU-GS/A, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD.
Arctica-M N4 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos Molniya 63.4 ≥2025 DCS/A, MSU-GS/A, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD.
Arctica-M N5 RosHydroMet, Roscosmos Molniya 63.4 ≥2025 DCS/A, MSU-GS/A, GGAK-E/FM-E, GGAK-E/SKIF-6, GGAK-E/GALS-E
  • TBD.

Current Low Earth Orbit

Name Operator(s) ECT/Incl. Launch Instruments Details
ALOS-2 JAXA 12:00 desc 24 May 2014 PALSAR-2, CIRC
  • Data distributed through a network of several ALOS Data Nodes (ADN), ideally one in each continent.
CartoSat-2A ISRO 09:32 desc 28 Apr 2008 PAN
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
CartoSat-2B ISRO 09:30 desc 12 Jul 2010 PAN
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
CBERS-4 CAST, AEB, CRESDA, INPE 10:30 asc 07 Dec 2014 DCS, MUXCAM, PANMUX, WFI-2, IRMSS-2
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Near-real-time selected data by GEONetCast.
  • Off-line data distribution from INPE
GCOM-C JAXA 10:30 asc 23 Dec 2017 SGLI
  • Data will be available at JAXA 1 year after launch
GCOM-W JAXA 13:30 asc 17 May 2012 AMSR2
  • Data available at JAXA for the general user community.
  • Specific rapid delivery to NOAA for complementing the Suomi-NPP and JPSS data suite. 
GOSAT JAXA, MOE 13:00 desc 23 Jan 2009 TANSO-CAI, TANSO-FTS
  • All data access provided by National Institute for Environmental Studies
HJ-1C CRESDA, CAST 06:00 desc 18 Nov 2012 SAR-S
  • Data distributed by CRESDA.
KANOPUS-V-IK-1 Roscosmos, RosHydroMet 10:30 asc 14 Jul 2017 MSS, PSS, MSU-IK-SR
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
KOMPSAT-2 KARI 10:50 asc 28 Jul 2006 MSC
  • Real-time data available at appointed ground stations.
  • Off-line image data available through the exclusive global distributor Satrec Initiative
KOMPSAT-3 KARI 13:30 asc 17 May 2012 AEISS
  • Real-time data available at appointed ground stations.
  • Off-line image data available through the exclusive global distributor Satrec Initiative
KOMPSAT-5 KARI 06:00 asc 22 Aug 2013 AOPOD, COSI, LRR
  • Near real-time radio occultation data available from UCAR
  • Off-line COSI image data available through the exclusive global distributor Satrec Initiative
OceanSat-2 ISRO 11:53 desc 23 Sep 2009 OSCAT, OCM, ROSA
  • Off-line data are distributed by the National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC) in Hyderabad.  Web site:  www.nrsc.gov.in.
  • ROSA data are delivered to the Italian ASI for processing.
PROBA-1 ESA 07:30 desc 22 Oct 2001 CHRIS, SREM-particles, SREM-dose
  • Data available from ESA/ESRIN Earthnet.
ResourceSat-1 (IRS-P6) ISRO 10:42 desc 17 Oct 2003 AWiFS, LISS-4, LISS-3
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
ResourceSat-2 ISRO 10:33 desc 20 Apr 2011 AWiFS, LISS-4, LISS-3
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO.
SARAL CNES, ISRO 05:56 asc 25 Feb 2013 A-DCS, AltiKa, DORIS, LRA
  • Altimetry products distributed by EUMETSAT in near-real time (OGDR: Operational Geophysical Data Record) and by CNES in delayed time (GDR: Geophysical Data Record), outside India. More info at https://navigator.eumetsat.int/search?query=saral
  • Delayed time products provided by AVISO
Sentinel-1A ESA, EC 06:00 desc 03 Apr 2014 SAR-C
  • Data available from centres of the Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS).
  • Real-time availability possible at appointed X-band stations.
Sentinel-2A ESA, EC 10:30 desc 23 Jun 2015 MSI
  • Data available from centres of the Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS).
  • Real-time availability possible at appointed X-band stations.
SWARM-C ESA, CNES, CSA 87.35° 22 Nov 2013 ACC, ASM, EFI, GPS, LRR, STR, VFM
  • Data available from the ESA/ESRIN PDGS in Frascati.
SWARM-B ESA, CNES, CSA 87.75° 22 Nov 2013 ACC, ASM, EFI, GPS, LRR, STR, VFM
  • Data available from the ESA/ESRIN PDGS in Frascati.
VENµS CNES, ISA 10:30 desc 02 Aug 2017 VSSC
KOMPSAT-3A KARI 13:30 asc 26 Mar 2015 AEISS, IIP
  • Real-time data available at appointed ground stations.
  • Off-line data distributed by KAI Image Inc. in Korea and SpotImage internationally.
PROBA-2 ESA 06:00 asc 02 Nov 2009 SWAP, LYRA, TPMU, DSLP
  • Data available from the Science Operation Center (SOC) located at the Royal Observatory of Belgium in Ukkel (Brussels).
STPSat-3 DoD 40.5° 20 Nov 2013 TIM , iMESA-R, SWATS
CFOSAT CNSA, CNES 07:00 desc 29 Oct 2018 SCAT, SWIM
  • Data available from the CNES and CNSA mission centres.
  • Discussions underway to put SWIM data on GTS
CartoSat-2C ISRO 09:28 desc 22 Jun 2016 PAN, HRMX, EvM
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
CartoSat-2D ISRO 09:30 desc 15 Feb 2017 PAN, HRMX, EvM
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
ResourceSat-2A ISRO 10:20 desc 07 Dec 2016 AWiFS, LISS-4, LISS-3
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
ISS OCO-3 NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 04 May 2019 OCO
  • Arranged by NASA so as to provide near-real-time data.
ISS ECOSTRESS NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 29 Jun 2018 ECOSTRESS
  • Arranged by NASA so as to provide near-real-time data.
SWARM-A ESA, CNES, CSA 87.35° 22 Nov 2013 ACC, ASM, EFI, GPS, LRR, STR, VFM
  • Data available from the ESA/ESRIN PDGS in Frascati.
CartoSat-2E ISRO 09:29 desc 23 Jun 2017 PAN, HRMX, EvM
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
ISS ASIM NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 02 Apr 2018 MXGS, MMIA
  • ASIM is controlled from a ground USOC (User Operator Center) connected to the ISS ground stations.
  • The data are available at the Institutes of the providing entities: the Danish National Space Center in Copenhagen, the University of Valencia and the University of Bergen
ISS HISUI NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 05 Dec 2019 HISUI
  • TBD.
Aeolus ESA 06:00 desc 22 Aug 2018 ALADIN
  • NRT horizontally projected line-of-sight wind profiles (L2B product) and atmospheric optical properties (L2A product), available to Met Services and Scientific Community from ESA.
  • NRT L2B data in BUFR format will be broadcasted by ECMWF via EUMETSAT on EUMETCAST and GTS
  • Offline data (reprocessed data, L2C product, calibration and auxiliary files etc.) available from ESA via the same data access link as noted above.
CALIPSO NASA, CNES 13:45 asc 28 Apr 2006 CALIOP, IIR, WFC
  • Data available from the NASA/LaRC Atmospheric Sciences Data Center (ASDC).
CloudSat NASA 13:30 asc 28 Apr 2006 CPR
  • Data available from CIRA (Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere).
Terra NASA 10:30 desc 18 Dec 1999 ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS, MOPITT
  • All data available in real-time through X-band Direct Broadcast. More info at NASA Direct Readout Laboratory.
  • All data available off-line from EOSDIS.
GRACE-FO (2 sats) NASA, DLR 89° 22 May 2018 Tri-G, HAIRS, LRR, SCA, SuperSTAR
  • Off-line data available from the Principal Investigators at the GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ) in Potsdam, or the Center for Space Research (CSR) in Austin.
ICESat-2 NASA 94° 15 Sep 2018 ATLAS, LRA, TRSR
  • Data available from the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSDIC), Boulder.
JASON-3 NASA, CNES, EUMETSAT, NOAA 66° 17 Jan 2016 AMR, DORIS, LRA, Poseidon-3B, TRSR, CARMEN, LPT
  • Near-real-time Operational Geophysical Data Records (surface wind speed and waves, and a first estimates of Sea Surface Height Anomaly) are distributed within 3-5 hours from NOAA and EUMETSAT via GTS and EUMETCast, see https://navigator.eumetsat.int/search?query=jason
  • Off-line Interim Geophysical Data Record re-processed after CNES makes available the Precise Orbit Determination are distributed within 1-2 days.Statistically analysed Geophysical Data Records are distributed from archives within 2 months.
Landsat-8 USGS, NASA 10:00 desc 11 Feb 2013 OLI, TIRS
Sentinel-3A ESA, EC, EUMETSAT 10:00 desc 16 Feb 2016 DORIS, GPS, LRR, MWR, OLCI , SLSTR, SRAL
  • Description of data services at 
  • https://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Satellites/CurrentSatellites/Sentinel3/index.html 
  • Product delivery timeliness may be:
    • Near-Real-Time (NRT): < 3 h from sensing
    • Short Time Critical (STC): < 48 h from sensing
    • Non-Time Critical (NTC): < 1 month from sensing.
  • NRT Marine products are distributed by EUMETSAT by EUMETCast and via the Copernicus Online Data Access.
ISS TSIS-1 NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 15 Dec 2017 TSIS
  • TBD.
CYGNSS (8 sats) NASA 35° 15 Dec 2016 DDMI
  • Data available from the CYGNSS Science Data Center of NASA.
HY-2B NSOAS, CAST 06:00 desc 25 Oct 2018 DORIS, LRA, MWRI, SCAT, CMR, ALT
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
GOSAT-2 JAXA, MOE 13:00 desc 29 Oct 2018 TANSO-FTS2, TANSO-CAI2
  • All data access provided by National Institute for Environmental Studies
ISS LIS NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 19 Feb 2017 LIS
  • Data routinely available from NASA.
ISS DESIS NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 29 Jun 2018 DESIS
  • Arranged by NASA so as to provide near-real-time data.
ISS GEDI NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 05 Dec 2018 GEDI Lidar
  • Arranged by NASA so as to provide near-real-time data.
KANOPUS-V3 Roscosmos, RosHydroMet 10:30 asc 01 Feb 2018 MSS, MSU-200, PSS
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
KANOPUS-V4 Roscosmos, RosHydroMet 10:30 asc 01 Feb 2018 MSS, MSU-200, PSS
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
CartoSat-2F ISRO 09:37 desc 12 Jan 2018 PAN, HRMX, EvM
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
KANOPUS-V5 Roscosmos, RosHydroMet 10:30 asc 27 Dec 2018 MSS, MSU-200, PSS
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
KANOPUS-V6 Roscosmos, RosHydroMet 10:30 asc 27 Dec 2018 MSS, MSU-200, PSS
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
CBERS-4B CAST, AEB, CRESDA, INPE 10:30 asc 20 Dec 2019 DCS, MUXCAM, PANMUX, WFI-2, IRMSS-2
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Near-real-time selected data by GEONetCast.
  • Off-line data distribution from INPE
ISS GARI NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 21 Dec 2021 GARI
CartoSat-3 ISRO 09:30 desc 27 Nov 2019 PAN, MX
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
HY-1C NSOAS, CAST 10:30 desc 07 Sep 2018 COCTS, CZI
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
Sentinel-2B ESA, EC 10:30 desc 07 Mar 2017 MSI
  • Data available from centres of the Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS).
  • Real-time availability possible at appointed X-band stations.
Sentinel-5P ESA, NSO 13:30 desc 13 Oct 2017 TROPOMI
  • Data available from the DLR Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS) in Oberpfaffenhofen.
  • Real time data possible at appointed X-band stations.
ISS COWVR NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 21 Dec 2021 COWVR
  • Data routinely available from NASA.
Aqua NASA 13:30 asc 04 May 2002 AIRS, AMSR-E, AMSU-A, CERES, HSB, MODIS
  • All data available in real-time through X-band Direct Broadcast. More info at NASA Direct Readout Laboratory.
  • All data available off-line from EOSDIS.
Aura NASA 13:40 asc 15 Jul 2004 HIRDLS, MLS , OMI , TES-limb, TES-nadir
  • For HIRDLS, MLS and OMI, the data are held at the Goddard Earth Science DISC.
  • For TES, the data are held at the NASA Langley Atmospheric Sciences Data Center.
  • The Aura instrument validation data are held at the Aura Validation Data Center at Goddard Space Flight Center.
SMOS ESA, CDTI, CNES 06:00 asc 02 Nov 2009 GPS, MIRAS, STA
  • Data available through the user service of ESA/ESRIN in Frascati.
HY-2C NSOAS, CAST 66° 21 Sep 2020 ALT, DORIS, LRA, CMR, SCAT
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
Sentinel-3B ESA, EC, EUMETSAT 10:00 desc 25 Apr 2018 DORIS, GPS, LRR, MWR, OLCI , SLSTR, SRAL
  • Description of data services at 
  • https://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Satellites/CurrentSatellites/Sentinel3/index.html 
  • Product delivery timeliness may be:
    • Near-Real-Time (NRT): < 3 h from sensing
    • Short Time Critical (STC): < 48 h from sensing
    • Non-Time Critical (NTC): < 1 month from sensing.
  • NRT Marine products are distributed by EUMETSAT by EUMETCast and via the Copernicus Online Data Access.
CAS 500-1 KARI 10:50 asc 22 Mar 2021 AEISS-HR
  • Real-time data available at appointed ground stations.
  • Off-line image data available through the exclusive global distributor Satrec Initiative
HJ-2A CRESDA, CAST 10:30 desc 27 Sep 2020 WVC-2, IRMSS-2, HSI-2
  • Data distributed by CRESDA.
HJ-2B CRESDA, CAST 10:30 desc 27 Sep 2020 WVC-2, IRMSS-2, HSI-2
  • Data distributed by CRESDA.
ISS TEMPEST-1 NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 21 Dec 2021 MM Radiometer
  • Data routinely available from NASA.
GPM Core Observatory NASA, JAXA 65° 27 Feb 2014 DPR, GMI
  • Off-line data distributed by the NASA/GSFC Precipitation Processing System (PPS).
HY-1D NSOAS, CAST 13:30 asc 10 Jun 2020 COCTS, CZI
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
OCO-2 NASA 13:30 asc 02 Jul 2014 OCO
  • Data available from the CO2 portal at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, California.
SMAP NASA 06:00 desc 31 Jan 2015 SMAP
  • Data available from NASA JPL and/or GSFC.
ISS SAGE-III NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° 19 Feb 2017 SAGE-III
  • Data available from LARC NASA
HY-2D NSOAS, CAST 66° 19 May 2021 DORIS, LRA, SCAT, CMR, ALT
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
Sentinel-6A EUMETSAT, CNES, EC, ESA, NASA, NOAA 66° 21 Nov 2020 DORIS, GPS, LRA, GNSS-RO, Poseidon-4, NGRM, AMR-C, HRMR
  • TBD
CryoSat-2 ESA 92° 08 Apr 2010 DORIS, LRR, SIRAL
  • Data available from Kiruna, with user interface managed by ESA/ESRIN (Frascati, Rome).
Landsat-9 USGS, NASA 10:00 desc 27 Sep 2021 OLI, TIRS

Real-time data are available at appointed acquisition stations in the IGS network, for example European scenes from  https://landsat8portal.eo.esa.int/portal/ Off-line data are available from the USGS EROS DataCenter.

Future Low Earth Orbit

(only firmly planned Satellites)
Name Operator(s) ECT/Incl. Launch Instruments Details
SWOT NASA, CNES 78° Nov 2022 Altimeter, KaRIN, MW radiometer
  • TBD.
EarthCARE ESA, JAXA 14:00 desc ≥2023 ATLID, BBR, CPR, MSI
  • Data available from ESA/ESRIN and, for CPR, JAXA/EORC.
PACE NASA, CNES 12:00 desc ≥2023 Polarimeters, OCI
  • TBD.
BIOMASS ESA 06:00 desc ≥2023 SAR-P
  • Data made available from the ESA’s Payload Data Ground Segment at the ESRIN.
Ionosphera-M N1 & N2 Roscosmos ≥2023 SPER/1, ST/1, GALS/1, LAERTES, NBK/2, ESEP, Ozonometer-TM, MAYAK, PES
  • TBD.
Ionosphera-M N3 & N4 Roscosmos ≥2023 SPER/1, ST/1, GALS/1, LAERTES, NBK/2, ESEP, Ozonometer-TM, MAYAK, PES
  • TBD.
SAC-E/SABIA-MAR B CONAE, AEB, INPE, NASA 10:30 desc ≥2023 DCS, HSC, MUS-uv/vis/nir
  • TBD
HY-2E NSOAS, CAST 06:00 desc ≥2023 DORIS, LRA, SCAT, CMR, ALT
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
HY-2H NSOAS, CAST 06:00 desc ≥2023
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
ISS CLARREO-PF NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° ≥2023 HySICS
  • Arranged by NASA so as to provide near-real-time data.
ResourceSat-3 ISRO 10:30 desc ≥2023 ALISS-3, ATCOR

information

  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
OceanSat-3A ISRO 12:00 desc ≥2023 OCM, SSTM, OSCAT-3
  • NRT product access under consideration by ISRO and EUMETSAT
  • Off-line data are distributed by the National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC) in Hyderabad.  Web site:  www.nrsc.gov.in.
ISS TSIS-2 NASA, CSA, ESA, JAXA, Roscosmos 51.6° ≥2023 TSIS
  • TBD
ResourceSat-3S ISRO 10:30 desc ≥2023 LISS-V, APAN

information

  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
ResourceSat-3SA ISRO 10:30 desc ≥2023 LISS-V, APAN

information

  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
GOSAT-GW JAXA, MOE 13:30 asc ≥2023 AMSR-3, TANSO-3
  • All data access provided by National Institute for Environmental Studies
Sentinel-1D ESA, EC 06:00 desc ≥2023 SAR-C
  • Data available from centres of the Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS).
  • Real-time availability possible at appointed X-band stations.
Resurs-P4 Roscosmos 10:30 desc ≥2023 Geoton-L1, GSA, ShMSA-SR, ShMSA-VR
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
Resurs-P5 Roscosmos 10:30 desc ≥2023 Geoton-L1, GSA, ShMSA-SR, ShMSA-VR
  • All data acquired, processed and distributed by the Research Center for Earth Operative Monitoring (NTs OMZ) in Moscow.
KOMPSAT-7 KARI 10:50 asc ≥2023 AEISS-HR
  • Real-time data available at appointed ground stations.
  • Off-line data distributed by KAI Image Inc. in Korea and SpotImage internationally.
MicroCarb CNES 10:30 desc ≥2023 MicroCarb
  • To be distributed by EUMETSAT
PUNCH NASA, NRL 06:00 asc Oct 2023 NFI, WFI, STEAM
  • Data collected by South West Research Institute.
  • PUNCH has an open data policy and all PUNCH data are freely available to anyone for any purpose.
  • Delivery of near real time data being considered
FLEX ESA 10:00 desc ≥2024 , FLORIS
  • TBD.
HY-1F NSOAS, CAST 13:30 asc ≥2024 COCTS, CZI
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
HY-2F NSOAS, CAST 66° ≥2024 ALT, DORIS, LRA, CMR, SCAT
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
ResourceSat-3A ISRO 10:30 desc ≥2024 ALISS-3, ATCOR
  • Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
  • Off-line data distribution by ISRO
Sentinel-2C ESA, EC 10:30 desc ≥2024 MSI
  • Data available from centres of the Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS).
  • Real-time availability possible at appointed X-band stations.
Sentinel-3C ESA, EC, EUMETSAT 10:00 desc ≥2024 DORIS, GPS, LRR, MWR, OLCI , SLSTR, SRAL
  • Description of data services at 
  • https://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Satellites/CurrentSatellites/Sentinel3/index.html 
  • Product delivery timeliness may be:
    • Near-Real-Time (NRT): < 3 h from sensing
    • Short Time Critical (STC): < 48 h from sensing
    • Non-Time Critical (NTC): < 1 month from sensing.
  • NRT Marine products are distributed by EUMETSAT by EUMETCast and via the Copernicus Online Data Access.
Sentinel-6B EUMETSAT, CNES, EC, ESA, NASA, NOAA 66° ≥2025 DORIS, GPS, LRA, GNSS-RO, Poseidon-4, NGRM, AMR-C, HRMR
  • TBD
Zond-M Roscosmos ≥2025 LETITsIYA-Camera, RIMS-A, ST/2, NBK/2, FM-G, Ozonometer-3, SOLIST, STEK, RESPEKT, SUF, SRF
  • TBD.
HY-2G NSOAS, CAST 66° ≥2025 ALT, DORIS, LRA, CMR, SCAT
  • Data distributed by NSOAS.
Sentinel-2D ESA, EC 10:30 desc ≥2025 MSI
  • Data available from centres of the Payload Data Ground Segment (PDGS).
  • Real-time availability possible at appointed X-band stations.
CO2M ESA, EC, EUMETSAT 11:30 desc ≥2026 CO2I and NO2I, MAP, CLIM
CRISTAL ESA, EC, EUMETSAT 92° ≥2027 GPS, LRR, AMR-CR, IRIS, HRMR
Sentinel-3D ESA, EC, EUMETSAT 10:00 desc ≥2028 DORIS, GPS, LRR, MWR, OLCI , SLSTR, SRAL
  • Description of data services at 
  • https://www.eumetsat.int/website/home/Satellites/CurrentSatellites/Sentinel3/index.html 
  • Product delivery timeliness may be:
    • Near-Real-Time (NRT): < 3 h from sensing
    • Short Time Critical (STC): < 48 h from sensing
    • Non-Time Critical (NTC): < 1 month from sensing.
  • NRT Marine products are distributed by EUMETSAT by EUMETCast and via the Copernicus Online Data Access.
CIMR ESA, EC, EUMETSAT 06:00 desc ≥2028 CIMR
  • TBD
ROSE-L ESA, EC, EUMETSAT 06:00 desc ≥2028 ROSE-L
CHIME ESA, EC, EUMETSAT 10:30 desc ≥2029 CHIME
LSTM ESA, EC, EUMETSAT 13:30 asc ≥2029 LSTM

Current Specific Orbits (for Space Weather)

Name Operator(s) Orbit Launch Instruments Details
ACE NASA L1 25 Aug 1997 SWIMS, SWICS, ULEIS, SEPICA , SWEPAM, MAG, SIS, CRIS, EPAM
  • Data available from the Space Radiation Laboratory of Caltech, Pasadena, CA.
SOHO ESA, NASA L1 02 Dec 1995 SUMER, CDS, EIT, UVCS, LASCO, SWAN, CELIAS, COSTEP, ERNE, GOLF, VIRGO , MDI, SEM
  • Data available from NASA/GSFC and ESA/ESAC.
WIND NASA L1 01 Nov 1994 MFI, WAVES, SWE, SMS, EPACT, PLASMA, TGRS, KONUS
  • Data available from NASA/GSFC.
Solar Orbiter ESA, NASA Solar 10 Feb 2020 EPD, EUI, METIS, MAG, RPW, SWA, PHI, SoloHI, SPICE, STIX
  • Data available from the European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Villafranca.
STEREO-A NASA Ecliptic 26 Oct 2006 PLASTIC, S/WAVES, IMPACT/STE, IMPACT/SWEA, SECCHI/COR-1, SECCHI/COR-2, SECCHI/HI-1, SECCHI/HI-2, IMPACT/SEP, IMPACT/MAG, SECCHI/EUVI

Data available from NASA/GSFC but gaps in ground coverage significant.

DSCOVR NOAA, NASA L1 11 Feb 2015 NISTAR, EPIC, MAG, ES, FC
  • Data exchanged within the International Real Time Solar Wind Network (RTSWnet).
  • Data archived at the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center, Boulder, Co.

Future Specific Orbits (for Space Weather)

Name Operator(s) Orbit Launch Instruments Details
SWFO-L1(Planned) NOAA, NASA L1 ≥2025 CCOR, SWIS/SWiPS, SWIS/STIS, SWIS/MAG
  • Data processing performed by the NWS Space Weather Processing Center (SWPC).
  • Archived data available from the NESDIS National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).