BackForward Satellite: Solar Orbiter 

Satellite details
Acronym Solar Orbiter
Full name Solar Orbiter
WIGOS Station Identifier ---
Satellite Description
  • Single flight unit of the Solar Orbiter programme.
  • Main mission: solar physics study.
  • Substantial contribution to Space weather.
  • Heliocentric orbit with lowest perihelion at 42 million km, to be reached for the first time after 3.5 years from launch; aphelion 111 million km.


Mass at launch 1800 kg Dry mass 1600 kg
Power 919 W
Data access link
Data access information
  • Data available from the European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Villafranca.
Orbit Solar orbit Altitude N/A
Inclination 25 °


Space agency ESANASA
Status Operational
Details on Status
(as available)
Launch 10 Feb 2020 EOL ≥2030
Last update: 2022-10-20
Associated satellite programme and related satellites

Note: red tag: no longer operational , green tag: operational , blue tag : future

Satellite Payload

All known Instruments flying on Solar Orbiter

Acronym Full name
EPD Energetic Particle Detector
EUI Extreme Ultraviolet Imager
METIS Multi Element Telescope for Imaging and Spectroscopy
MAG Magnetometer (Solar Orbiter)
RPW Radio and Plasma Waves
SWA Solar Wind Plasma Analyser
PHI Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager
SoloHI Solar Orbiter Heliospheric Imager
SPICE Spectral Imaging of the Coronal Environment
STIX X-ray Spectrometer/Telescope
Show instrument status and calibration