BackForwardInstrument:  GGAK-M/RIMS-M 

Instrument details
Full name Radio-frequency mass spectrometer - M
Purpose To monitor and predict the variability of the state of the ionosphere and upper atmosphere, and to identify trends of climatic and anthropogenic origin
Short description Description not available. Presumably, mass spectrometer for two ranges of mass numbers (1-4 and 10-50 AU). Energy range: 1-100 keV/n for Z from 1 to 26, and 10-100 eV for Energetic Neutral Atoms
Background Part of the GGAK-M (Geophysical Monitoring System Complex for Meteor-M) package
Scanning Technique N/A (in-situ measurement in the platform environment)
Resolution N/A
Coverage / Cycle N/A
Mass Power Data Rate


Providing Agency Roscosmos
Instrument Maturity Flown on operational programme
Utilization Period: 2009-12-17 to 2014-09-23
Last update: 2020-03-01
Detailed characteristics
Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Solar and space environment monitors
  • Energetic particle spectrometer
WIGOS Subcomponents No WIGOS subcomponents have been defined.
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • Alpha particles differential directional flux
  • Energetic Neutral Atom (ENA)
  • Heavy ion flux energy and mass spectrum
  • Proton differential directional flux
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Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Proton differential directional flux3 - highNo specific limitation.Interplanetary space, low and medium energy (up to 1000 keV)
Alpha particles differential directional flux2 - very highNo specific limitation.Interplanetary space. Low-medium energy range (<10 up to 100 MeV/n)
Energetic Neutral Atom (ENA)3 - highNo specific limitation.Interplanetary space, low energy (over 10 up to 10000 eV)
Heavy ion flux energy and mass spectrum4 - fairNo specific limitation.Interplanetary space. Low-medium energy range (<10 up to 100 MeV/n)