BackForward Satellite Programme: Gao Fen 

Programme details
Programme description
  • Series of small satellites for high resolution land observation (gao fen = high resolution)., to implement the┬áChina High-resolution Earth Observation System (CHEOS)
  • Chinese programme: CNSA responsible, development and operations by the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology (SAST).
  • The satellites are actively stabilised over 3 axes.
  • The design lifetime is 8 years (6 for GF-1 and GF-2)
  • The orbits are sunsynchronous around 10:30 or 06:00 or 13:30, except for GF-4 that is in GEO.
  • GF-5 and DQ-1 are atmospheric environmental monitoring satellites.
  • See details at and for GF-1 and GF-2 only) at and
Data circulation
  • TBD
Agencies CNSA
Programme lifetime 2013 - 2033
Associated satellites and instruments

Note: red tag => no longer operational , green tag => operational , blue tag => planned