BackForwardInstrument:  FLOCK 

Instrument details
Acronym FLOCK
Full name FLOCK
Purpose High-resolution land observation and disaster monitoring.
Short description 4-channel VIS/NIR radiometer [see details below]
Background Originally these instruments were called 'Doves' and Planet referred to a group of Doves deployed simultaneously into a single orbit as a Flock.
Scanning Technique whisk-broom, frames of 24.6 km x 16.4 km, swath 24.6 km
Resolution 3.7 m at sub-satellite point.
Coverage / Cycle The full constellation of satellites provide daily coverage. 3.5 months for a single satellite.
Mass Power Data Rate

 

Providing Agency Planet
Instrument Maturity Flown on operational programme
Utilization Period: 2014 to ≥2040
Last update: 2021-10-02
Detailed characteristics
Channel Wavelength Bandwidth SNR
Blue 485 nm 60 nm

….. @ … % albedo

Green 545 nm 90 nm

….. @ … % albedo

Red 630 nm 80 nm

….. @ … % albedo

NIR 820 nm 80 nm

….. @ … % albedo

Satellites this instrument is flying on

Note: a red tag indicates satellites no longer operational, a green tag indicates operational satellites, a blue tag indicates future satellites

Instrument classification
  • Earth observation instrument
  • Passive optical radiometer or spectrometer
  • High resolution optical imager
WIGOS Subcomponents
  • Subcomponent 4
  • High-resolution optical observation constellation (commercial)
Mission objectives
Primary mission objectives
  • Fire fractional cover
  • Fraction of vegetated land
  • Land cover
  • Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)
  • Soil type
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Tentative Evaluation of Measurements

The following list indicates which measurements can typically be retrieved from this category of instrument. To see a full Gap Analysis by Variable, click on the respective variable.

Note: table can be sorted by clicking on the column headers
VariableRelevance for measuring this variableOperational limitationsExplanation
Biomass5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Biomass inferred from NDVI
Cloud cover5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Cloud optical depth4 - fairLow-density cloud only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Earth surface albedo5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels
Fire fractional cover2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS channels with high resolution for boundary detection
Fraction of Absorbed PAR (FAPAR)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels including Red at 700 nm
Fraction of vegetated land2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Glacier cover4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Long time for mapping.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Land cover2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Leaf Area Index (LAI)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels. LAI inferred from NDVI
Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels
Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.VIS channels, range undersampled
Sea-ice cover5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR (for contour enhancement) channels
Short-wave cloud reflectance5 - marginalInfrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels. Unsuitable dynamic range (saturation)
Snow cover4 - fairCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Soil moisture at surface5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Index only.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels. Soil moisture inferred from differential brightness
Soil type2 - very highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Upward short-wave irradiance at TOA5 - marginalSpectral interpolation needed.. Information on BRDF needed.. Infrequent coverage.VIS and NIR channels
Vegetation type3 - highCloud sensitive.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels
Aerosol volcanic ash Total Column5 - marginalCloud sensitive.. Infrequent coverage.. Daylight only.VIS and NIR channels