BackForward Satellite Programme: Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics mission 

Programme details
Programme description
  • Single-satellite programme, addressing solar-terrestrial interactions.
  • USA programme: managed and operated by the Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) on behalf of NASA.
  • The platform is actively stabilised over 3 axes.
  • The design life time is 2 years.
  • The satellite exploits a high-inclination drifting orbit.
  • See detailed description at
Data circulation
  • The global data are stored onboard and downlinked to a JHU/APL station in Laurel, MA.
  • Data are distributed for processing by the JHU/APL Mission Data Center (MDC) to the Investigators responsible of the experiments.
Agencies NASA
Programme lifetime 2001 - 2024
Associated satellites and instruments

Note: red tag => no longer operational , green tag => operational , blue tag => planned