Single satellite programme, originating from the concept of a Polar Orbit Earth-Observation Mission (POEM) that evoved into two distinct missions: Envisat and the MetOp series.
ESA programme with part of the payload contributed by other space agencies in response to an Announcement of Opportunity.
The platform is actively stabilised over 3 axes.
The design life time of the satellite is 5 years.
Sunsynchronous orbit with ECT around 10:00.
See detailed description at
Global onboard storage of low-bit-rate instruments; downlink to the Central station of Kiruna.
Real-time transmission of high-resolution data (ASAR and full-resolution MERIS) via X-band to the regional stations of Kiruna, Fucino, Svalbard and Villafranca, or via the ARTEMIS data relay satellite.
Processing centres coordinated by the Payload Data Control Centre in Frascati, located in several Processing and Archiving Centres (PAC) hosted by national space agencies.
2002 - 2012
Associated satellites and instruments
Note: red tag => no longer operational , green tag => operational
, blue tag => planned