BackForward Satellite Programme: Megha-Tropiques 

Programme details
Programme description
  • Single-satellite experimental programme addressing the Global Energy and Water-cycle Experiment (GEWEX), contributing to the Global Precipitation Measurement mission (GPM) constellation.  "Megha" is the Sanskrit word for “Cloud”.
  • Joint French-Indian programme: ISRO responsible of platform, launch,  two instruments (one purchased from ASI) and operations, CNES responsible of two instruments.
  • The platform is actively stabilised over 3 axes.
  • The design life time is 5 years.
  • The satellite exploits a low-inclination drifting orbit for frequent observation of equatorial regions.
  • See detailed description at
Data circulation
  • Data stored onboard and transmitted to a receiving station belonging to ISRO.
  • Scientific data processed by CNES at ICARE (Interactions Clouds Aerosols Radiations Etc) and ISRO at MOSDAC (Meteorology & Oceanography Satellite Data Center).
Programme lifetime 2011 - 2022
Associated satellites and instruments

Note: red tag => no longer operational , green tag => operational , blue tag => planned