Gap analyses by variable or by type of mission or by WIGOS subcomponent

Please select either a variable or a type of mission to display a time chart of satellite instruments having the potential to provide the corresponding measurements. The selection is based on design characteristics (Expert analysis) or declared mission objectives (Simplified analysis). Such a preliminary analysis does not replace a detailed assessment of the actual instrument performances, data availability, and quality of derived environmental data records against specific user requirements.

Note: The chart can be sorted by clicking on the header columns and filtered by instrument properties when applicable. Select the period of interest with the cursor at the bottom of the chart. Future missions which are not firmly planned are shaded with stripes. A warning icon (Important note) indicates degraded satellite: hover over the icon for details. The chart is followed by a table of all potentially relevant instruments.

Select a variable

or select a type of mission

Select WIGOS subcomponents

Analysis
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In "Simplified" mode, the results in the analysis are calculated by looking at each instrument's mission objectives: for each instrument we keep track of what the primary, secondary, and opportunity mission objectives are. These mission objectives indicate that an instrument is primarily envisioned to measure variable X, Y and Z, that variables A, B and C are its secondary objective, and that it may offer the opportunity to measure variables I and II although it is not optimized for that. The simplified Gap analysis produces a timeline based on this information. The simplified Gap analysis is only available for analyzing variables, not for missions.
In "Expert system" mode, the results in the analysis are calculated with an expert system. Internally, OSCAR works with a large set of 1700 rules that determine whether or not an instrument is capable of measuring a given variable, and to what degree. When you select "Expert system", the Gap analysis is performed based on this large set of rules.

Variable sorting criteria

 

Each instrument is assigned with a 5-step rating, evaluated as a blend of several elements.  For this particular Variable, the rating is driven by:

  • the observing technique (radar scatterometer, MW radiometer or SAR);
  • the exploited frequency.

 

RATING CRITERIA:

1

  • Radar scatterometer

2

  • X- and possibly Ku-band SAR
  • C-band SAR

3

  • L- and/or S-band SAR

4

  • MW radiometer with frequencies up to at least 90 GHz

5

  • MW radiometer with frequencies up to at least 37 GHz
Measurement timeline for Sea-ice type

Definition:

Variable convolving several factors (age, roughness, density, etc.) - Accuracy expressed as number of classes. Actually [ classes^-1 ] is used, so that smaller figure corresponds to better performance, as usual.

Hint: Move around in the timeline by scrolling up, down, left or right.

Found 146 results

This table has a large number of results.
Hide inactive instruments
Instrument NRT? Relevance Satellite Orbit
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
WindRAD1 - primaryFY-3E05:30 descXXXXXX
WindRAD1 - primaryFY-3I05:30 descXXXXXX
NSCAT1 - primaryADEOS10:30 desc
X
X
OSCAT Important note1 - primaryOceanSat-211:53 desc
X
XXXX
X
OSCAT1 - primaryOceanSat-312:00 desc
X
XXXXXXX
OSCATNo1 - primaryScatSat-108:45 desc
X
XXXX
X
RapidScat1 - primaryISS RapidScat51.6 °
X
X
X
SASS1 - primarySeaSat108 °
X
SCAT (CFOSAT)1 - primaryCFOSAT07:00 desc
X
XXXX
SCAT (CFOSAT)1 - primaryCFOSAT follow-on07:00 descXXXXXX
SCAT (incl)1 - primaryHY-2C66 °
X
XXXXX
SCAT (incl)1 - primaryHY-2D66 °
X
XXXXX
SCAT (incl)1 - primaryHY-2F66 °XXXXXX
SCAT (incl)1 - primaryHY-2G66 °XXXXXX
SCAT (sso)1 - primaryHY-2A06:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXX
SCAT (sso)1 - primaryHY-2B06:00 desc
X
XXXXX
SCAT (sso)1 - primaryHY-2E06:00 descXXXXXX
SeaWinds1 - primaryADEOS-210:30 desc
X
X
SeaWinds1 - primaryQuikSCAT06:00 asc
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
AMI-SCAT1 - primaryERS-110:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXX
X
AMI-SCAT1 - primaryERS-210:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
ASCATYes1 - primaryMetop-A08:46 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
ASCATYes1 - primaryMetop-B09:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXX
ASCAT1 - primaryMetop-C09:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXX
SCA (Scatterometer)1 - primaryMetop-SG-B109:30 descXXXXXXXX
SCA (Scatterometer)1 - primaryMetop-SG-B209:30 descXXXXXXXX
SCA (Scatterometer)1 - primaryMetop-SG-B309:30 descXXXXXXXX
BRLK “Briz”2 - very highMeteor-MP N115:30 ascXXXXXXXX
BRLK “Briz”2 - very highMeteor-MP N209:30 descXXXXXXXX
BRLK “Briz”2 - very highObzor-R N1TBDXXXXXX
BRLK “Briz”2 - very highObzor-R N2TBDXXXXXX
BRLK “Briz”2 - very highObzor-R N3TBDXXXXXX
BRLK “Briz”2 - very highObzor-R N4TBDXXXXXX
Capella SAR2 - very highCapella10:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
COSI2 - very highKOMPSAT-506:00 asc
X
XXXXXXXX
COSI2 - very highKOMPSAT-606:00 ascXXXXX
CSG-SAR2 - very highCSG-106:00 asc
X
XXXXXXX
CSG-SAR2 - very highCSG-206:00 ascXXXXXXXX
HRWS-SAR2 - very highHRWS-SAR06:00 descXXXXXXXXX
ICEYE SAR2 - very highICEYETBD
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
MeteoSAR2 - very highMeteor-M N2-309:00 descXXXXXX
MeteoSAR2 - very highMeteor-M N2-415:00 ascXXXXXX
MeteoSAR2 - very highMeteor-M N2-515:00 descXXXXXX
MeteoSAR2 - very highMeteor-M N2-609:00 ascXXXXXX
RLSBO2 - very highOkean-O-182.5 °
X
X
RLSBO2 - very highOkean-O1-182.5 °
X
X
X
RLSBO2 - very highOkean-O1-282.5 °
X
X
X
RLSBO2 - very highOkean-O1-382.5 °
X
X
X
RLSBO2 - very highOkean-O1-482.5 °
X
RLSBO2 - very highOkean-O1-582.5 °
X
X
X
RLSBO2 - very highOkean-O1-682.5 °
X
X
X
RLSBO2 - very highOkean-O1-782.5 °
X
X
X
RLSBO2 - very highSICH-182.5 °
X
XXXXX
X
RLSBO2 - very highSICH-1M82.5 °
X
X
X
SAR-2000No2 - very highCSK-106:00 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
SAR-2000No2 - very highCSK-206:00 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
SAR-2000No2 - very highCSK-306:00 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
SAR-2000No2 - very highCSK-406:00 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXX
SAR-X2 - very highTanDEM-X06:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
SAR-X2 - very highTerraSAR-X06:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
SAR-X (Paz (SEOSAR))2 - very highSEOSAR/Paz06:00 asc
X
XXXXX
Severjanin-M Important note2 - very highMeteor-M N109:30 desc
X
XXX
Severjanin-M Important note2 - very highMeteor-M N209:30 asc
X
XXXXXXX
Severjanin-M2 - very highMeteor-M N2-115:09 asc
X
W-SAR2 - very highHY-3A06:00 descXXXXXXXXX
W-SAR2 - very highHY-3B06:00 descXXXXXXXXX
XSAR2 - very highASNARO-206:00 desc
X
XXXXX
AMI-SAR2 - very highERS-110:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXX
X
AMI-SAR2 - very highERS-210:30 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
ASAR2 - very highEnvisat10:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
SAR (RadarSat-1)2 - very highRadarSat-106:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
SAR (RadarSat-1)No2 - very highRadarSat-206:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
SAR RCM2 - very highRCM-106:00 desc
X
XXXXXXX
SAR RCM2 - very highRCM-206:00 desc
X
XXXXXXX
SAR RCM Important note2 - very highRCM-306:00 desc
X
XXXXXXX
SAR-C (GF-3)2 - very highGF-306:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXX
SAR-C (GF-3)2 - very highGF-1206:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXX
SAR-C (GF-3)2 - very highGF-12-0206:00 desc
X
XXXXXXX
SAR-C (RISAT)2 - very highRISAT-106:00 desc
X
XXXX
X
SAR-C (RISAT)2 - very highRISAT-1A06:00 desc
X
XXXXX
SAR-C (Sentinel-1)No2 - very highSentinel-1A06:00 desc
X
XXXXXXX
SAR-C (Sentinel-1)2 - very highSentinel-1B06:00 desc
X
XXXXXXX
SAR-C (Sentinel-1)No2 - very highSentinel-1C06:00 descXXXXXXXX
SAR-C (Sentinel-1)No2 - very highSentinel-1D06:00 descXXXXXXXX
SAR-Travers3 - highResurs-O1-110:15 asc
X
X
S-SAR3 - highNovaSAR-S10:30 asc
X
XXXXXXX
SAR-10 Important note3 - highKondor-E174.75 °
X
XXXXX
SAR-103 - highKondor-E74.75 °
X
X
SAR-S Important note3 - highHJ-1C Important note06:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXX
SAR-S (NISAR) 3 - highNI-SAR06:00 descXXXX
L-SAR3 - highTandem-L06:00 descXXXXXXXXXXXXX
PALSAR3 - highALOS10:30 desc
X
XXXX
X
PALSAR-2No3 - highALOS-212:00 desc
X
XXXXXXX
PALSAR-33 - highALOS-412:00 descXXXXXXXX
SAR3 - highSeaSat108 °
X
SAR (JERS)3 - highJERS10:45 desc
X
XXXXX
X
SAR-L3 - highSAOCOM-1A06:00 asc
X
XXXXX
SAR-L3 - highSAOCOM-1B06:00 asc
X
XXXXX
SAR-L3 - highSAOCOM-2A06:00 ascXXXXXX
SAR-L3 - highSAOCOM-2B06:00 ascXXXXXX
SAR-L (NISAR)3 - highNI-SAR06:00 descXXXX
AMSR4 - fairADEOS-210:30 desc
X
X
AMSR-34 - fairGOSAT-GW13:30 ascXXXXXXXX
AMSR-E Important noteNo4 - fairAqua13:30 asc
X
XXXXXXXX
X
AMSR2No4 - fairGCOM-W13:30 asc
X
XXXXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY-MP4 - fairMeteor-MP N115:30 ascXXXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY-MP4 - fairMeteor-MP N209:30 descXXXXXXXX
MTVZA-OK (MW)4 - fairSICH-1M82.5 °
X
X
X
GMI (core)No4 - fairGPM Core Observatory65 °
X
XXXXXXXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY Important note4 - fairMeteor-M N109:30 desc
X
XXXX
X
MTVZA-GY Important note4 - fairMeteor-M N209:30 asc
X
XX
X
MTVZA-GY4 - fairMeteor-M N2-115:09 asc
X
MTVZA-GY Important note4 - fairMeteor-M N2-215:00 asc
X
XXXXX
MTVZA-GY4 - fairMeteor-M N2-309:00 descXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY4 - fairMeteor-M N2-415:00 ascXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY4 - fairMeteor-M N2-515:00 descXXXXXX
MTVZA-GY4 - fairMeteor-M N2-609:00 ascXXXXXX
MWRI Important note4 - fairFY-3A09:05 desc
X
MWRI4 - fairFY-3B14:45 asc
X
XXXXXXXXX
X
MWRI Important note4 - fairFY-3C09:07 desc
X
XXXXXX
X
MWRIYes4 - fairFY-3D13:29 asc
X
XXXXX
MWRI4 - fairFY-3H14:00 ascXXXXXX
MWRI4 - fairFY-3F10:00 descXXXXXX
MWRI4 - fairFY-3G50 °XXXXXX
MWRI4 - fairFY-3J50 °XXXXXX
MTVZA4 - fairMeteor-3M09:15 asc
X
XXXX
X
MWI (MetOp-SG)4 - fairMetop-SG-B109:30 descXXXXXXXX
MWI (MetOp-SG)4 - fairMetop-SG-B209:30 descXXXXXXXX
MWI (MetOp-SG)4 - fairMetop-SG-B309:30 descXXXXXXXX
SSM/I4 - fairDMSP-F0806:10 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
SSM/I4 - fairDMSP-F1007:30 desc
X
XXXXXX
X
SSM/I4 - fairDMSP-F1105:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXX
X
SSM/I4 - fairDMSP-F1203:35 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
SSM/I4 - fairDMSP-F1305:51 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
SSM/I Important noteNo4 - fairDMSP-F1417:00 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
SSM/I Important noteNo4 - fairDMSP-F15 Important note14:50 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
SSMIS Important noteNo4 - fairDMSP-F1606:20 asc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
SSMIS Important noteNo4 - fairDMSP-F1706:40 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
SSMIS Important noteNo4 - fairDMSP-F1804:50 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXX
SSMISNo4 - fairDMSP-F1906:36 desc
X
X
X
CIMR5 - marginalCIMR06:00 descXXXXXXXX
MWRI (HY-2)5 - marginalHY-2A06:00 desc
X
XXXX
X
MWRI (HY-2)5 - marginalHY-2B06:00 desc
X
XXXXX
SMMR5 - marginalNimbus-712:00 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
X
SMMR5 - marginalSeaSat108 °
X
WindSat Important noteNo5 - marginalCoriolis Important note06:10 desc
X
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
All instruments for measuring Sea-ice type
Instruments Relevance Operational limitations
WindRAD1 - primary
NSCAT1 - primary
OSCAT1 - primary
RapidScat1 - primary
SASS1 - primary
SCAT (CFOSAT)1 - primary
SCAT (incl)1 - primary
SCAT (sso)1 - primary
SeaWinds1 - primary
AMI-SCAT1 - primary
ASCAT1 - primary
SCA (Scatterometer)1 - primary
SAR-X/Ku2 - very high
BRLK “Briz”2 - very high
Capella SAR2 - very high
COSI2 - very high
CSG-SAR2 - very high
HRWS-SAR2 - very high
ICEYE SAR2 - very high
MeteoSAR2 - very high
RLSBO2 - very high
SAR-20002 - very high
SAR-X2 - very high
SAR-X (Paz (SEOSAR))2 - very high
Severjanin-M2 - very high
W-SAR2 - very high
XSAR2 - very high
AMI-SAR2 - very high
ASAR2 - very high
SAR (RadarSat-1)2 - very high
SAR RCM2 - very high
SAR-C (GF-3)2 - very high
SAR-C (RISAT)2 - very high
SAR-C (Sentinel-1)2 - very high
SAR-Travers3 - high
S-SAR3 - high
SAR-103 - high
SAR-S3 - high
SAR-S (NISAR) 3 - high
InSAR3 - high
L-SAR3 - high
PALSAR3 - high
PALSAR-23 - high
PALSAR-33 - high
SAR3 - high
SAR (JERS)3 - high
SAR-L3 - high
SAR-L (NISAR)3 - high
AMSR4 - fair
AMSR-34 - fair
AMSR-E4 - fair
AMSR24 - fair
MTVZA-GY-MP4 - fair
MTVZA-OK (MW)4 - fair
GMI (core)4 - fair
MTVZA-GY4 - fair
MWRI4 - fair
MTVZA4 - fair
MWI (MetOp-SG)4 - fair
SSM/I4 - fair
SSMIS4 - fair
CIMR5 - marginal
MWRI (HY-2)5 - marginal
SMMR5 - marginal
WindSat5 - marginal